IJCRR - 6(16), August, 2014
EXPOSURE OF MICE TO 900 - 1900 MHZ RADIATIONS FROM CELL PHONE RESULTING IN MICROSCOPIC CHANGES IN THE KIDNEY
Author: N. Mugunthan, J. Anbalagan, S. Meenachi, A. Shanmuga Samy4
Objective: The study was to evaluate possible effects of chronic exposure to 900 - 1900 MHz radiations emitted from 2G cell phone on kidney of mice at the histological level. Methods: Mice were exposed to 2G ultra-high frequency radiation, 48 minutes per day for a period of 30 to 180 days. The amount of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposed was measured by radiation frequency meter. The sham control mice were subject to similar conditions without 2G exposure. Six animals each were sacrificed at the end of 30, 60, 90,120,150 and 180 days of exposure in the experimental group after 24 hours of last exposure. Same numbers of control animals were sacrificed on similar period. Both kidneys were harvested and processed for histomorphometric study. Kidneys size, weight and volume were measured and analysed. Kidney sections were analysed under the light microscope and structural changes were studied. Results: In 2G exposed group the kidney weight and volume was significantly reduced in the first month. Kidney weight alone was significantly increased in the fifth month. Glomerulus showed dilated capillaries and increased urinary space. Proximal convoluted tubule showed wider lumen with reduced cell size. Brush border interrupted at places and vacuolated cytoplasm and pyknotic nuclei. Wider lumen with decreased cell size and marked basal striations were found in the distal convoluted tubule.Conclusion: Chronic exposure to ultra-high frequency radiation from 2G cell phone could cause microscopic changes in glomerulus, proximal and distal convoluted tubules of the kidney.
Keywords: Ultra-high frequency radiation, 2G cell phone, mice kidney, glomerulus, kidney tubules.
N. Mugunthan, J. Anbalagan, S. Meenachi, A. Shanmuga Samy4. EXPOSURE OF MICE TO 900 - 1900 MHZ RADIATIONS FROM CELL PHONE RESULTING IN MICROSCOPIC CHANGES IN THE KIDNEY International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(16), August, 44-49
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