IJCRR - Vol 06 Issue 16, August, 2014
Study of demographic profile of skin tumors in a tertiary care hospital
Author: Sonam S Nandyal, Rekha B. Puranik
Introduction: Skin tumors encompass a wide spectrum and belong to a diverse group of neoplasms arising from epidermis, adnexal structures and dermis rendering the classification difficult. Worldwide these tumors show a striking variation in demographic profile. Aim: The aim of our study was to analyse the distribution of skin tumors with reference to age and sex. Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study conducted for a period of five years at Department of Pathology in a tertiary hospital. The study included all histopathologically confirmed cases of skin tumors. Results: Out of 135 skin tumors, 46 were benign and 89 were malignant. Malignant epidermal tumors formed the majority (57%). The benign tumors had a peak incidence between 3rd and 5th decade (52%) with female predominance (60.87%). The malignant tumors showed a peak incidence between 5th and 7th decade (68.5%) with male preponderance (71.91%).
Conclusion: Benign tumors were common in younger age group and more common in females where as malignant tumors were commonly seen in males and displayed an ascending trend in age. Patients with basal cell carcinoma(BCC) and melanoma were on an average a decade older at the time of diagnosis when compared to squamous cell carcinoma(SCC). The present statistics show that skin cancer incidence in men is higher than women which attributes to the cumulative effect of sun exposure in males. Most of our findings correlate with Indian published literature.
Keywords: Skin tumors, demographic profile, age distribution, sex distribution.
Sonam S Nandyal, Rekha B. Puranik. Study of demographic profile of skin tumors in a tertiary care hospital International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 06 Issue 16, August, 24-28
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