IJCRR - 6(17), September, 2014
STUDY OF VISUAL ONLINE REACTION TIME IN DIFFERENT PHASES OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE IN HEALTHY FEMALES
Author: Rinku Garg, Varun Malhotra, Usha Dhar, Yogesh Tripathi
Aims and objectives: The present study was designed to study the influence of various phases of menstrual cycle on visual online reaction time. Material and Methods: Fifty females in the age group of 18-25 years were recruited for the study. Visual reaction time test was taken online. Statistical Analysis: Results were analysed by ANOVA with SPSS version 17.0 using paired ‘t’ test. Results: showed that there was significant prolongation of reaction time (p<0.05) in luteal phase as compared to follicular and menstrual phase. Conclusions: Variation in visual reaction time could be due to the fluctuating levels the female sex hormones across the menstrual cycle.
Keywords: Follicular phase, Luteal phase, Online reaction time
Rinku Garg, Varun Malhotra, Usha Dhar, Yogesh Tripathi. STUDY OF VISUAL ONLINE REACTION TIME IN DIFFERENT PHASES OF MENSTRUAL CYCLE IN HEALTHY FEMALES International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(17), September, 45-47
1. Cooke WH, Ludwig DA, Hogg PS, Eckburg DL, Convertino VA. Does the menstrual cycle influence the sensitivity of vagally mediated baroreflexes. Clin Sci 2002;102: 639-644
2. Williams. Pregnancy planning and antepartum management, Text Book of Obstetrics. 2006,22nd edition,226.
3. Vogel W, Broverman DM, Klaiber EL. EEG responses in regularly menstruating women and in amennorrheic women treated with ovarian hormones. Science. 1971;172:388.
4. Pawar BL, Kulkarni MA, Syeda A, Somwanshi ND, Chaudhari SP. Effect of premenstrual stress on cardiovascular system and central nervous system. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2006;56(2):156–58.
5. Walpurger V, Pietrowsky R, Kirschbaum C, Wolf OT. Effect of the menstrual cycle on auditory event related potentials. Hormones and Behavior. 2004;46:600
6. Nene AS, Pazare PA. A study of auditory reaction time in different phases of the normal menstrual cycle. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2010;54(4):386–90.
7. Formulate and test hypotheses regarding reaction times. Biology 104. A online PDF literature form Radford University.www.radford.edu/jkel/reaction. 8. Robert JK. A Literature Review of Reaction Time, 2005. Available from: http://www.biae.clemson.edu/bpc/bp/ Lab/110/reaction.htm#Arousal. [Accessed 2005 Mar 17].
9. Marieb Elaine N. Exercise 22 Human reflex physiology. Activity 9: testing reaction time for basic and acquired reflexes. Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Manual (Cat Version). 7 th ed. San Francisco, California: Benjamin Cummings; 2003. p. 232-3.
10. Mc Ewen B. Estrogen action throughout brain. Recent Prog Hormon Res 2002; 57: 357-384.
11. Mc Dermott JL. Effects of estrogen on dopamine release from corpus straitum of young and aged female rats. Brain Res 1993; 606:118-125.
12. Asso D. The relationship between menstrual cycle changes in nervous system activity and psychological behaviour and physical variables.Biol Psychol 1986;23: 53-64.
13. Asso D, Braier JR. Changes with menstrual cycle in psychophysiological and self report measures of activation. Biol Psychol 1982; 15: 95-107.
14. Everett RB, Worley RJ, MacDonald PC and Gant NF. Modification of vascular responsiveness to Angiotensinogen II in pregnant women by intravenously infused 5 alpha dihydroprogestrone. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 1978;131:352-357.
15. The Online Reaction Time Test (http://getourwebsitehere. com/jswb/rttest01.html.)
16. Das S, Gandhi A, Mondal S. Effect of premenstrual stress on audiovisual reaction time and audiogram. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 1997;41:67-70.
17. Kaneda Y, Ikuta T, Nakayama H, Kagawa K, Furuta N. Visual evoked potential and electroencephalogram of healthy females during the menstrual cycle. J Med Invest. 1997;44:41–46.
18. Kawakami M, Sawyer CH. Effects of sex hormones and antifertility steroids in brain thresholds in the rabbit. Endocrinology. 1967;80:857–871.
19. Kluck N, O’Connor S, Hesselbrock V, Tasman A, Maier D, Bauer L. Variation in evoked potential measures over the menstrual cycle: a pilot study. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1992;16:901–911.
20. Vingerling JR, Dielemans I, Witteman JC, Hofman A, Grobbee DE, de Jong PT. Macular degeneration and early menopause: a case-control study. BMJ. 1995;310:1570–1571.
21. Párducz A, Perez J, Garcia-Segura LM. Estradiol induces plasticity of gabaergic synapses in the hypothalamus. Neuroscience. 1993;53:395–401.
22. Yadav A, Tandon OP, Vaney N. Auditory evoked responses during different phases of menstrual cycle. Ind J Physiol Pharmacol 2002; 46: 449-456.
23. Yadav A, Tandon OP, Vaney N. Long Latency auditory evoked responses in ovulatory and anovulatory menstrual cycle. Ind J Physiol Pharmacol 2003; 47: 179-184.
24. Behl C, Widmann M, Trapp T, Holsboer F. 17-beta estradiol protects neurons from oxidative stress-induced cell death in vitro. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995;216:473– 482.
25. McEwen BS, Davis PG, Parsons B, Pfaff DW. The brain as target for steroid hormone action. Ann Rev Neurosci. 1979; 2: 65-73.
26. Curtis DR, Game CJA, Johnston GAR, McCulloch RM. Central effects of β-(p chlorophenyl)-γ-aminobutyric.Brain RES. 1974; 70: 493-99.