IJCRR - Vol 06 Issue 19, October, 2014
EFFICACY OF DISTRACTION TECHNIQUE IN REDUCING PAIN AMONG CHILDREN RECEIVING VACCINATION
Author: Richa Talwar, Anita Yadav, Rupinder Deol, Jasbir Kaur
Background: Vaccination is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infection. Routine vaccination is a universal phenomenon which is administered repeatedly throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence. It is the common source of iatrogenic pain in childhood. Pain from injection is a source of distress for children, their parents and vaccinators, and if not addressed, can lead to pre-procedural anxiety in future, medical fears and healthcare avoidance behaviours. So, there is a great need to study the methods of alleviation of vaccination related pain in children. Objectives: The study was undertaken with the objective to assess the efficacy of distraction technique in reducing level of pain among healthy children during vaccination. Methods: A quasi experimental study design was used to evaluate the efficacy of distraction technique in reducing level of pain among healthy children receiving vaccination at well baby clinic in selected hospital, Ludhiana. Sample size of 200 healthy children using convenience sampling (100 in each group) was used. The standardised FLACC (face, leg, activity, cry, consolability) - Behavioral Pain Assessment scale was used to observe level of pain among the healthy children during vaccination. A sound and light producing movable toy was used as distraction technique in experimental group during vaccination. Video recording of the children receiving vaccination was done and the pain score was calculated. Results: Findings revealed that 7% of the children in experimental group as compared to only 1% in control group experienced no pain during vaccination. The mean pain score among experimental and control group were 4.02±1.694 and 4.89±1.503 respectively (p<0.001). Conclusion: The distraction technique significantly reduces the level of pain in healthy children receiving vaccination (p<0.05). Therefore, it is recommended that distraction technique should be used during every painful procedure among children.
Keywords: Distraction technique, Pain, Vaccination, Children, FLACC (face, Leg, Activity, Cry, consolability) Behavioral Pain Assessment scale
Richa Talwar, Anita Yadav, Rupinder Deol, Jasbir Kaur. EFFICACY OF DISTRACTION TECHNIQUE IN REDUCING PAIN AMONG CHILDREN RECEIVING VACCINATION International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 06 Issue 19, October, 42-46
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