IJCRR - 6(22), November, 2014
Infant and young child feeding practices in an urban underprivileged area in Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Author: Jerome S. N., Catherin N., Sulekha T.
Introduction: Infant and young child feeding practices constitute a major component of child caring practices. These practices continue to be neglected in spite of their important role in the growth of infants. The prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among under-three children was found to be 47%, 45% and 16% respectively in India.
Objective: To assess the infant and young child feeding practices in an urban underprivileged area in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Methods: It was a cross sectional study conducted in an urban slum area with a sample size of 61 mothers of children aged less than two years. A door to door survey was conducted during November 2012 to January 2013, using a validated questionnaire. Results: The study population comprised of 61 mothers of children aged less than two years. Th15/10/2014e mean age of the mothers was 24.1 ± 3.6 years. Among the study population 52.5% and 82.0% had fed their children with prelacteal feeds and colostrums respectively. Exclusive breast feeding up to six months was practiced by 54.2% of the mothers. Of all of them 59.0% initiated breastfeeding within one hour of birth. Only 41.7% of them started complementary feeds at six months of age. It was observed that 49.2% of the children were under nourished according to WHO (World Health Organization) weight for age growth charts. Conclusion: The study shows poor infant and young child feeding practices with poor nutritional status. There is need for promotion and protection of optimal feeding practices for improving nutritional status of infants.
Keywords: Infant and young child feeding practices, Breast feeding, Nutritional status; India
Jerome S. N., Catherin N., Sulekha T.. Infant and young child feeding practices in an urban underprivileged area in Bangalore, Karnataka, India International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(22), November, 15-18
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