IJCRR - 6(23), December, 2014
STUDY OF INCIDENCE OF INGUINAL HERNIAS AND THE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE INGUINAL HERNIAS IN THE REGIONAL POPULATION OF A SOUTH INDIAN CITY
Author: Ayesha Fatima, Mohammed Riyaz Mohiuddin
Background: Hernias constitute an important public health problem and often pose a surgical dilemma even for the most skilled surgeons. They are a leading cause of work loss and disability and are sometimes lethal. An early diagnosis and referral to the surgeon should mean short waiting time, elective surgery and a better prognosis. Objectives: 1) To know the incidence of inguinal encountered in both male and female sexes 2) To analyze the common risk factors associated with these hernias. Material and Methods: 433 patients (457 Inguinal hernias), of different ages and sexes, attending the out patient department and admitted in the general ward and post operative ward of different hospitals were considered for study. Study period: The study was carried out for a period of 12 months from September 2009 to September 2010. Results: Inguinal hernia was seen in 365(84.3%) males and 68(15.7%) females. The number of right sided inguinal hernias was 266(58.21%) and the number of left sided inguinal hernias was 143(31.29%).They were 24(5.25%) bilateral hernias. In the present study out of the total 457 inguinal hernias, 379(82.93%) were of indirect variety and 78(17.07%) were direct variety. Out of 433 patients of Inguinal hernia it was found that 312 patients (72%) were physically active. Chronic cough was found to be not associated with incidence of inguinal hernia. In the present study 66% of inguinal hernia patients were found to have constipation. 26% were having family history significant. Conclusion: Incidence of inguinal hernias showed a clear male preponderance. Incidence was highest in children less than 10 years. of age. Strenuous physical activity and constipation were found to be risk factors for Inguinal Hernia.
Keywords: Risk factors, Incidence, Inguinal Hernia
Ayesha Fatima, Mohammed Riyaz Mohiuddin. STUDY OF INCIDENCE OF INGUINAL HERNIAS AND THE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE INGUINAL HERNIAS IN THE REGIONAL POPULATION OF A SOUTH INDIAN CITY International Journal of Current Research and Review. 6(23), December, 14-18
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