IJCRR - 7(10), May, 2015
EVALUATION OF APGAR SCORE IN NEONATES BORN TO TEENAGE MOTHERS
Author: P. Padmasri Devi, Ch. Ganapathi Swamy, M. Kiran Deedi
Category: General Sciences
Background: Apgar score is measured after the baby is born. This will give the idea of the health status of the neonate. The aim of the study is to assess the association of birth weight and the Apgar score.
Methods: We collected data on the birth weights and the 1 min and 5 min Apgar score of new born infants in department of gynecology and obstetrics GSL Medical College and General hospital. Antenatal woman with age 15-19 years were registered from June 2013 to july2014were included as the study subjects Compared to babies with normal Apgar score, infants with low Apgar Scores were found to born with low and very low birth weights.
Results: Totally 123 individuals are in normal birth weight category. zero individuals are comes under poor apgar score category, one individuals are in normal apgar score category comprising about 8% with in total normal birth weight category, 122 individuals are in good apgar score category comprising about 99.2.%with in total normal birth weight category. Out of 238 neonates individual born 14 (5.9%) in low score category, 30 (12.6%) in intermediate score and 194 (81.5%) in normal score. Apgar score was statistically highly significant association with age of the mother (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Apgar score is a useful, early indicator of health and birth weight of new born infants
Keywords: Low birth weight, Teenage mothers, Apgar score
P. Padmasri Devi, Ch. Ganapathi Swamy, M. Kiran Deedi. EVALUATION OF APGAR SCORE IN NEONATES BORN TO TEENAGE MOTHERS International Journal of Current Research and Review. 7(10), May, 71-74
1. Apgar V. Proposal for new method of evaluation of newborn infant. AnesthAnalg, 1953; 32: 260–7.
2. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), The State of the World’s Children, NewYork, NY,USA, 2005.
3. Apgar V. Evaluation of the newbor
4. vandeRiet JE, Vandenbussche FP, LeCessie S, Keirse MJ. New born assessment and long-term adverse outcome: A systematic review. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1999; 180: 1024– 9.
5. Chong DS, Karlberg J. Refining the Apgar score cut-off point for newborns at risk. Acta Paediatr 2004: 93: 53–9.
6. Casey BM, McIntire DD, Leveno KJ. The continuing value of the Apgar score for the assessment of newborn infants. New Eng J Med 2001; 344: 467–71.
7. Rintaro Mori, Jun Shiraishi, Hirokuni Negishi, Masanori Fujimura Predictive value of Apgar score in infants with very low birth weight; Acta Pædiatrica 2008 97, pp. 720– 723.
8. VeraEhrenstein; Association of Apgar scores with deathand neurologic disability ClinicalEpidemiology 2009:1 45–53
9. Greenough A, Lagercrantz H, Pool J, Dahlin I.; Plasma catecholamine levels in preterm infants. Effect of birth asphyxia and Apgar score. Acta Paediatr Scan 1987; 76: 54–9.
10. Angela Andréia França Gravena, Meliana Gisleine de Paula,Sonia Silva Marcon, Maria Dalva Barros de Carvalho,Sandra Marisa Pelloso; Maternal age and factors associatedwith perinatal outcomes; Acta Paul Enferm. 2013; 26(2):130-5.
11. Chen XK, Wen WS, Fleming N, Demissie K, Rhoads GG, WalkerM. Teenage pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a large population based retrospective cohort study. Inter J Epidemiol. 2007;36: 368-73.