IJCRR - Vol 07 Issue 15, August, 2015
PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN OF RAJASTHAN
Author: Sanjay Mandot, Subhash Bamnawat
Aims: To study the prevalence of anemia among rural school children of Rajasthan.
Study Design: A prospective cross sectional study was conducted in 8 government schools in tribal villages of Sirohi district over a period of 6 months. 1462 school children between 5 to15 years of age were clinically examined. Hemoglobin estimation was done using cynmethemoglobin method and peripheral blood smear were also examined. Anemia was diagnosed according to the WHO standard for the given age and sex.
Materials and Methods: Hemoglobin estimation was done using cynmethemoglobin method. Peripheral blood film was prepared and stained by Leishman’s stain using standard technique. Peripheral smear was examined by Pathologist to know the type of anemia and eosinophilia.
Results: Overall prevalence of anemia was 83.6%. Girls had a higher prevalence of anemia than boys except at 10 years of age. Menarcheal age group girls (11 to15 years) were more anemic than boys and lesser age group girls (<11 years). The commonest blood smear picture was microcytic hypochromic (56.4%). Eosinophilia was observed in 21.6% children.
Conclusion: There is high prevalence of anemia in rural school children of this part of the country. Girls were at higher risk of developing anemia. Dietary modification, improvement in hygiene and awareness are the key strategies recommended for prevention.
Keywords: Anemia, Iron deficiency, Peripheral blood smear, Prevalence, School children
Sanjay Mandot, Subhash Bamnawat. PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN OF RAJASTHAN International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 07 Issue 15, August, 40-43
1. Sundaram VM, Sankaranaraynan VS, Rajendran S, Varalakshmi, Sarasa. Health profile of school children in Madras City. Indian Pediatr 1978; 15: 586-725.
2. Gopaldas T, Kale M. Prophylactic Iron supplementation for underprivileged school boys. Indian Pediatr 1985; 22: 731- 743.
3. Thavraj VK, Reddy V. Serum Ferritin in healthy school children. Indian Pediatr 1985; 22: 51-57.
4. Goyal RC, Chavan VA. Health status of school children in Ahmednagar City. Indian J Maternal and Child Health 1993; 4: 81-83.
5. Aggarwal KN, Khanduja PC, Aggarwal PK, Madhavan S, Tarkar AD. Normal hematological levels for school children (5- 16 years). Indian Pediatr 1972; 9: 785- 795.
6. Malhotra AK, Srivastava RN. A study on impact of socio-economic status on hemoglobin levels of rural school children of district Wardha. Indian J Prev Soc Med 1982; 13: 95-99.
7. WHO. Indicators for assessing iron deficiency and strategies for its prevention. WHO/UNICEF/UNU 1998 Technical workshop. Geneva, World Health Organization 1998.
8. Gupta VM, Shukla KK. Epidemiology of anemia in preschool children from a rural and a slum community, Varanasi. Indian J Prev Soc Med 1985; 15: 85-89.
9. Aggarwal DK, Bhardwaj B, Singla PN, Tripathi AM, Aggarwal KN. Etiology of maternal and early childhood deficiency anemia. Indian J Pediatr 1986; 53: 389-396.
10. Sharma A, Sharma SK, Grover AK, Tewari AD, Abrol P. Anemia in protein energy malnutrition. Indian Pediatr 1985; 22: 841- 843.
11. Desai N, Chaudhry VP. Nutritional anemia in protein energy malnutrition. Indian Pediatr 1993; 30: 1471-1483.
12. Vasanthi G, Pawashe AB, Susie H, Sujatha T, Raman L. Iron nutritional status of adolescent girls from rural area and urban slum. Indian Pediatr 1994; 31: 127- 132.
13. Kapoor G, Aneja S. Nutritional disorders in adolescent girls. Indian Pediatr 1992; 29: 969-973. 1
4. Aggarwal K.N. Assessment of prevalence of anemia and iron in response to daily/weekly iron folate supplement in adolescent girls (10-18) from urban slums of North Delhi. UNICEF Contract No. 95/0075/1998, 1-9(1998).
15. M. Verma, J. Chhatwal and Gurmeet Kaur . Prevalence of anemia among urban school children of Punjab. Indian Pediatr 1999; 36: 1181-1186.