IJCRR - 7(16), August, 2015
DOUBLE FORAMEN TRANSVERSARIUM-A CASE REPORT
Author: Nilofer Gausmohiyuddin Mulla, Sunil J. Pundge
Aim: To report a case of bilateral accessory foramen transversarium in lower cervical vertebrae.
Case Report: In the present case we observed two abnormal foramina in transverse process of C7 and probably C6 cervical vertebrae. Rest of cervical vertebrae were normal.
Discussion: The reasons for the presence of accessory foramen transversarium can be developmental or vascular. The presence of accessory foramen can alter the course of vertebral artery and even lead to compression of vertebral artery. This can lead to symptoms like headache, migraine and fainting attacks.
Conclusion: The study of these variations is important to radiologists in interpreting CT and MRI scans.
Keywords: Cervical vertebra, Foramen transversarium, Double
Nilofer Gausmohiyuddin Mulla, Sunil J. Pundge. DOUBLE FORAMEN TRANSVERSARIUM-A CASE REPORT International Journal of Current Research and Review. 7(16), August, 06-08
1. Standring S, 40th ed. Gray’s anatomy-The anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Spain: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. 2005:718-721.
2. Das S, Suri R, Kapur V. Double foramen transversaria: An osteological study with clinical implications. Int Med J. 2005; 12:311-313.
3. Taitz C, Nathan H, Arensburg B. Anatomical observations of the foramina transversaria. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 1978; 41:170–176.
4. Mishra GP, Kumari S, Bhatnagar S, Singh B. Sixth cervical vertebra with bilateral double foramen transversarium and nonbifid spine: a rare case. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015; 3(1): 352-353.
5. Veeramani and Shankar. An unusual origin of the right vertebral artery from the thyrocervical trunk- a case report. International Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. (2011); 2(4).
6. Jarostaw Wysocki, Mariusz Bubrowski, Jerzy Reymond, Jan Kwiatkowski. Anatomical variants of the cervical vertebrae and the first thoracic vertebra in man. Via Medica, (2003); 62:357- 363.
7. El Shaarawy EAA, Sabry SM, El Gammaroy T, Nasr LE. Morphology and morphometry of the foramina transversaria of cervical vertebrae: A correlation with the position of the vertebral artery. Kasr El Aini Medical Journal [serial online] June 2010. Accessed December 10, 2010
8. MurlImanju BV, Prabhu LV, Shilpa K, Rai R, Dhananjaya KVN, Jiji PJ. Accessory transverse foramina in the cervical spine: incidence, embryology basis, morphology and surgical importance. Turkish Neurosurgery.2011; 21(3):384-387.
9. Cloward R. B. The anterior approach for removal of ruptured cervical discs. Journal of Neurosurgery. (1958); 15:607-617.
10. Caovilla HH, Gananca MM, Munhoz MS, Silva ML. Sindrome cervical. Quadros Clinicos Otoneurologicos Mais Comuns. Atheneu, Sao Paulo.2000; 3(11):95-100.