IJCRR - Vol 07 Issue 18, September, 2015
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PEOPLE TOWARDS MALARIA IN TRIBAL COMMUNITIES OF JAWHAR, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA
Author: Suhas Kadam, Ambadas Adhav, Balu Mote, Shrikant Kalaskar, Thirumugam M., Ravindra Kurbude, Sushil Patil
Background: Malaria continues to be one of the major public health concerns that India is facing since decades. Early identification and management of malaria prevents its complications and subsequent mortality due to it. Several studies across the globe showed that, misconception of malaria still exists and practices of controlling malaria have been unsatisfactory indicating further need of exploring the knowledge, attitude and practices of malaria among the people of high Annual Parasite Incidence (API) states, district and blocks.
Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the levels of knowledge, attitude and practices for prevention of malaria in tribal of Jawhar, Maharashtra.
Methodology: A cross sectional community based KAP sample survey was carried out with the help of structured questionnaire. Data was collected by face to face interview by using a structured questionnaire from 140 participants by Systematic Random Sampling.
Results: The results show, 24 participants (17.1 %) have a low knowledge level and 94 (67.1%) obtained an average level and 22 (15.7 %) have high level of knowledge on components like symptoms, causes and transmission of malaria. 118 participants (84.3 %) have the average level score for attitude component. 88 (62.9 %) of the participants have an average level, while only 14 (10.0 %) found to have low level score on practices component while 38 (27.1 %) found high level practices score. Knowledge
on etiology and symptoms of malaria is found to be optimum level, while knowledge regarding the complications and preventive methods were found low among the participants. Health care system is the major source of knowledge for the tribal community. Practices of sanitation and correct health seeking behavior were found to be optimum but the sampled tribal community were found to be not co-relating its importance of health as a whole.
Conclusion: Health education program directed towards community should be emphasized on a timely basis to improve the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding malaria and its prevention in Tribal Communities of Jawhar. Capacity building among the government health workers on preventive part of malaria and complication management for malaria is the need of the hour time, as they are the major contact point for tribals.
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Malaria, Tribal, Jawhar, Thane, Maharashtra, India
Suhas Kadam, Ambadas Adhav, Balu Mote, Shrikant Kalaskar, Thirumugam M., Ravindra Kurbude, Sushil Patil. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PEOPLE TOWARDS MALARIA IN TRIBAL COMMUNITIES OF JAWHAR, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 07 Issue 18, September, 25-30
1. Deaton A. The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality. 2013. 376 p.
2. World Health Organization. World Malaria Report. 2014. 228 p. 3. World Health Organization. Country Profiles. 2014.
4. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme. Malaria in India [Internet]. Available from: http://www.malariasite.com/ malaria-india/
5. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme. Annual Report [Internet]. 2012. Available from: http://www.nvbdcp.gov.in/ Doc/Annual-report-NVBDCP-2012.pdf
6. Ahorlu CK, Dunyo SK, Afari E a, Koram K a, Nkrumah FK. Malaria-related beliefs and behaviour in southern Ghana: implications for treatment, prevention and control. Trop Med Int Health. 1997;2(5):488–99.
7. Singh N, Singh MP, Saxena A, Sharma VP, Kalra NL. Knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices (KABP) study related to malaria and intervention strategies in ethnic tribals of Mandla (Madhya Pradesh). Current Science. 1998.
8. Tyagi P, Roy A, Malhotra MS. Knowledge, awareness and practices towards malaria in communities of rural, semi-rural and bordering areas of east Delhi (India). J Vector Borne Dis. 2005;42(1):30–5.
9. Hla-Shein, Than-Tun-Sein, Soe-Soe, Tin-Aung, Ne-Win K-S-A. The level of knowledge, attitude and practice in relation to Malaria in O0-Do village, Myanmar. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Heal. 1998;29(3).
10. Sharma DC. India’s BJP Government and health: 1 year on. Lancet [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2015;385(9982):2031–2. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/ S0140673615609771
11. Perry HB, Zulliger R, Rogers MM. Community health workers in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: an overview of their history, recent evolution, and current effectiveness. Annu Rev Public Health [Internet]. 2014;35:399–421. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24387091
12. Yadav SP, Yadav S, Kuma P. Knowledge , treatment-seeking behaviour and socio-economic impact of malaria in the desert of Rajasthan, India. South African J Infect Dis [Internet]. 2013;28(1):41–7. Available from: http://www.sajei.co.za/index. php/SAJEI/article/view/399
13. Sharma AK, Bhasin S, Chaturvedi S. Predictors of knowledge about malaria in India. J Vector Borne Dis. 2007;44(3):189–97.
14. Forero D a, Chaparro PE, Vallejo AF, Benavides Y, Gutiérrez JB, Arévalo-Herrera M, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of malaria in Colombia. Malar J [Internet]. 2014;13(1):165. Available from: http://www.malariajournal.com/content/13/1/165
15. Yadav SP, Tyagi BK, Ramnath T. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards malaria in rural communities of the epidemic-prone Thar Desert, Northwestern India. J Commun Dis. 1999;31(2):127–36.
16. Paulander J, Olsson H, Lemma H, Getachew A, San Sebastian M. Knowledge, attitudes and practice about malaria in rural Tigray, Ethiopia. Glob Health Action. 2009;2(1):1–7.
17. Aderaw Z, Gedefaw M. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of the Community towards Malaria Prevention and Control Options in Anti-Malaria Association Intervention Zones of Amahara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Glob J Med Res Dis. 2013;13(5).