IJCRR - Vol 07 Issue 19, October, 2015
EFFECT OF GROWTH AGE PERIOD ON BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PLANTAGO MAJOR PLANT
Author: Lana Yousif Mutalib
Objectives: The present study was aimed to find the effect of growth age period of Plantago major leaves on the biochemical composition of the plant.
Methods: Leaves of P. major have been assessed for it is total phenolic, total flavonoid and total tannin contents at different growth age period (vegetative and generative).
Results: revealed significant differences in biochemical compositions between two growth age periods of the plant, generative leaves exhibited significant amount of flavonoid (0.12±0.002 mg QE\g DW) and tannin contents (0.12±0.002 mg GAE\g DW) while a significant total phenolic contents were expressed by vegetative leaves (0.015±0.001 mg GAE\ g DW).
Conclusions: The research findings emphasized great effect of growth age period on biochemical composition of the P. major leaves.
Keywords: Vegetative period, Generative period, Total phenolic content, Total flavonoid, Total tannin content
Lana Yousif Mutalib. EFFECT OF GROWTH AGE PERIOD ON BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PLANTAGO MAJOR PLANT International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 07 Issue 19, October, 06-10
1. Shahid-Ud-Daula AFM, Mohammad AB. Phytochemical screening, plant growth inhibition, and antimicrobial activity studies of Xylocarpus Granatummalaysian. J Pharm Sci 2009;7(1): 9–21.
2. Okwu D. Phytochemicals, vitamins and mineral contents of two Nigerian medicinal plants. Int J Mol Med Adv Sci 2005; 1: 375- 81.
3. Ao C, Li A, Elzaawely AA, Xuan TD, Tawata S. Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Ficus Microcarpa L. Fil. extract. Food Control 2008; 19: 940-8.
4. Fritz RS, Hochwender CG, Lewkiewicz DA, Bothwell S, Orians CM. Seedling herbivory by slugs in a willow hybrid system: developmental changes in damage, chemical defense, and plant performance. Oecologia 2001; 129: 87-97.
5. Pasko P, Barto H, Zagrodzki P, Gorinstein S, Fo Ta M, Zachwieja Z. Anthocyanins, total polyphenols and antioxidant activity in amaranth and quinoa seeds and sprouts during their growth. Food Chem 2009; 115: 994-8.
6. Achakzai AKK, Achakzai P, Masood A, Kayani SA, Tareen RB. Response of plant parts and age on the distribution of secondary metabolites on plants found in Quetta. Pak J Bot 2009; 41: 2129-35.
7. World Health Organization. WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002-2005. Genève; 2014.
9. Anne BS. The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago Major L. (A Review). J Ethnopharmacol 2000; 71 (10): 1-21.
11. Nagata KM. Hawaiian Medicinal Plants. Econ Bot 1971; 25: 245-54.
12. Zagari A. Medicinal Plants. Tehran: Iran Book; 1992. p. 969.
13. Bocek BR. Ethnobotany Of Costanoan Indians, California, based on Collections by John P. Harrington. Econ Bot 1984; 38: 241-55.
14. Guille´n MEN, Emim JAS, Souccar C, Lapa AJ. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the aqueous extract of Plantago Major L. Int J Pharmacogn 1997; 35: 99-104.
15. Gurib-Fakim A, Sewrey M, Gueho J, Dulloo E. Medical ethnobotany of some weeds of Mauritius and Rodriguez. J Ethnopharmacol 1993; 39: 175–85.
16. Ahmed ZF, Rizk AM, Hammouda FM. Phytochemical studies of Egyptian Plantago Species (Glucides). J Pharma Sci 1965; 54, 1060-2.
17. Ahmed ZF, Hammouda FM, Rizk AM, Wassel GM. Phyochemical studies of Egyptian Plantago species. Planta Medica 1968; 4: 404-10.
18. Rojas IR. Contribucion Al estudio quimico del llanten (Plantago Major L.). Anales De La Facultad De Quimicay Farmacia 1968; 20: 146-50.
19. Pailer VM, Haschke-Hofmeister E. Inhaltstoffe aus Plantago Major. Planta Medica 1969; 17: 139-45.
20. Kawashty SA, Gamal-El-Din E, Abdalla MF, Saleh NAM.. Flavonoids Of Plantago species in Egypt. Biochem Syst Ecol 1994; 22: 729-33.
21. Bianco A, Guiso M, Passacantilli P, Francesconi A. Iridoid and phenylpropanoid glycosides from new sources. J Nat Prod 1984; 47: 901-2
.22. Zennie TM, Ogzewalla CD. Ascorbic acid and Vitamin A content of edible wild plants of Ohio and Kentucky. Econ Bot 1977; 31: 76-9.
23. Velioglu YS, Mazza G, Gao L, Oomah BD. Antioxidant activity and total phenolics in selected fruits, vegetables and grain products. J Agric Food Chem 1998; 46 (10): 4113-7.
24. Zhishen J, Mengcheng T, Jianming W. The determination of flavonoid contents in mulberry and their scavenging effects on superoxide radicals. Food Chem 1999; 64 (4): 555-9.
25. Vahl EX DC, Tamilselvi N, Krishnamoorthy P, Dhamotharan R, Arumugam P, Sagadevan E. Analysis of total phenols, total tannins and screening of phytocomponents in Indigofera Aspalathoides (Shivanar Vembu). J Chem Pharm Res 2012; 4(6):3259- 62.
26. Miean KH, Mohamed S. Flavonoid (myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and apigenin) content of edible tropical plants. J Agric Food Chem 2001; 49: 3106-12.
27. Albach RF, Redman GH, Cruse RR. Annual and seasonal changes in naringin concentration of ruby red grapefruit juice. J Agric Food Chem 1981; 29: 808–11.
28. Behn H, Schurr U, Ulbrich A, Noga G. Development-dependent UV-b responses in red oak leaf lettuce (Lactuca Sativa L.): Physiological mechanisms and significance for hardening. Eur. J Hortic Sci 2011; 76: 33-40.
29. Ali G, Alireza N, Hawa ZEJ, Ali B, Izham A. Changes in phytochemical synthesis, chalcone synthase activity and pharmaceutical qualities of sabah snake grass (Clinacanthus Nutans L.) in relation to plant age. Molecules 2014; 19: 17632-48.
30. Fernandes EFA, Meloni F, Borella JC, Lopes NP. Effect of fertilisation and harvest period on polar metabolites of Calendula Oficcinalis. Rev Bras Farmacogn 2013; 23: 731-5.
31. Farias MR. Evaluations of the quality of vegetable raw materials. In: With V Diether Schenkel EP, Gosmann G, Melo JCP, Mentz LA, Petrovick PR. (Orgs.). Pharmacognosy of plant to the medicinal product. 5 ed. Porto Alegre; Florianopolis, Editora UFRGS, UFSC:2003. p. 263-88.
32. Esmelindro AA, Santos JG, Mossi A, Jacques RA, Dariva C. Influence of agronomic variables on the composition of mate tea leaves (Ilex Paraguariensis) extracts obtained from CO2 extraction at 30 0 C and 175 bar. J Agric Food Chem 2004; 52 (7): 1990-5.