IJCRR - Vol 07 Issue 21, November, 2015
SCREENING OF SEED OILS FROM FOUR SPECIES OF GENUS IPOMOEA
Author: Mohammed Taufeeque, Abdul Malik, M. R. K. Sherwani
Background: India depends upon world market to fulfill their industrial and domestic demand of oil, account huge foreign exchange. Since agriculture in India depend upon monsoon, causes uncertainty. In last few decades, there is rapid increase in demand of oil and their oleo chemicals in industries like plasticizers, lubricants, pharmaceuticals, organic pesticides, agro products etc.
Aim: The aim of this study is to explore non-traditional oil sources in order to establish them for various purposes.
Methodology: Seeds from four plant species of genus Ipomoea (I. indica, I. nil, I. pestigridis and I. quamoclit) belonging to convolvulaceae family were subjected to various analytical technique to evaluate their physico-chemical properties. Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) were analyzed using chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques to evaluate their fatty acid compositions.
Results: The results show that the oil yields from the seeds varied from 7.84% to 14.71%. Linoleic and oleic acids were found major fatty acids in all four seed oils. They show high iodine and saponification values. The all four seed oil show high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and P/S index more than 1.
Conclusion: Fair oil%, high saponification value and P/S index more than 1, indicated us to use these parameters to establish them as alternate oil sources for various domestic and industrial applications.
Keywords: Genus Ipomoea, fatty acid compositions, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), Oleo chemicals, P/S index
Mohammed Taufeeque, Abdul Malik, M. R. K. Sherwani. SCREENING OF SEED OILS FROM FOUR SPECIES OF GENUS IPOMOEA International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 07 Issue 21, November, 25-28
1. Whistler WA. Polynesian herbal medicine, Hongkong: Everbest Publications 1992; p. 49,.
2. Babu G, Divya T, Shalima NK, Divya TA, Biju CR. Hepatoprotective activity of ethyl acetate extract of Ipomoea nil (L.) roth seeds on rats. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013; 5(4): 130-133.
3. Sahu PK, Gupta S. Medicinal plants of morning glory: convolvulaceae Juss. of central India (Madhya Pradesh and Chhattishgarh). Biolife 2014; 2(2): 463-469.
4. Seliya AR, Patel NK. Ethnomedicinal Uses of Climbers from Saraswati River Region of Patan District, North Gujarat. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 2009; 13: 865-872.
5. Uma R, Parthipan B. Survey on Medico-Botanical climbers in Pazhayaru river bank of Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu. JMPS 2015; 3(1): 33-36.
6. Rekha D, Panneerselvam A, Thajuddin N. Studies on medicinal plants of a.v.v.m. Sri pushpam college campus Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu, Southern India. WJPR 2014; 3(5): 785-820
7. Jagtap SD, Deokule SS, Bhosle SV. Some unique ethnomedicinal uses of plants used by the Korku tribe of Amravati district of Maharashtra. India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2006; 107: 463–469.
8. Rani A, Pandey SK, Singh AN. Documentation of medicinal plants from northern coal fields areas, Singrauli, M.P. IJBASR 2014; 1 (1): 12-18.
9. Rahmatullah M, Ferdausi D, Mollik MAH, Azam MNK, TaufiqUr-Rahman M, Jahan R. Ethnomedicinal Survey of Bheramara Area in Kushtia District, Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 2009; 3(3): 534-541.
10. Pullaiah T, Chennaiah E. Flora of Andhra Pradesh, 1st ed. Vol. 1. Jodhpur (India): Scientific Publishers; 1997.
11. Hasan SMR, Hossain MM, Raushanara A, Mariam J, Mazumder HEM, Rahman S. DPPH free radical scavenging activity of some Bangladeshi medicinal plants. J. Med. Plant Res 2009; 3(11) :875-879.
12. Uddin N, Islam R, Hasan N, Hossain MS, Roy A, Hossain MM, Rana MS. DPPH Scavenging Assay of Eighty Four Bangladeshi Medicinal Plants. IOSR-JPBS 2011; 6(5): 66-73.
13. Murphy DJ, Storage lipid bodies in plants and other organisms. Prog Lipid Res 1990; 29(4): 299-324.
14. Link W.E. (Ed.), Official and Tentative Methods of the American Oil Chemists Society, 3rd ed., Champaign, IL, USA: AOCS , 1973.
15. Miwa TK, Earle FR, Miwa GC, Wolff IA, Fatty acid composition of Maturing Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) wild seeds. Dihydroxyoleic acid- A possible precursor of Epoxyoleic acid. JAOCS 1963; 40(6): 225-229.
16. McKenzie S, Taylor DC. Seed oils: a new age. Plant Biotechnology 1996; 1: 1-4.
17. Kirsehenbauer HG. Fats and Oil: An Outline of their Chemistry and Technology, 2nd edn., New York : Reinhold Publ Crop; 1965; p.160-161.
18. Amoo IA, Eleyinmi AF, Ilelaboye NOA. Akoja SS. Characterization of Oil Extracted From Gourd (Cucurbita Maxima) seed. Food Agriculture and Environment 2004; 2: 38-39.
19. Clark WL, Serbia GW. Safety aspects of frying fats and oils. Food Technology. 1991; February: 84-89.
20. Dzisiak D, New oils reduce saturated and trans fats in processed foods. Cereal Foods World 2004; 49: 331-333.
21. Przybylski R, McDonald BE, Development and processing of vegetable oil AOCS; 1995.
22. Sales RL, Costa NMB, Monteiro JBR, Peluzio MG, Coelho SB, Oliveira CG, De Mattes R. Efeitos dos óleos de amendoim, açafrão e oliva na composição corporal, metabolism energético, perfil lipídico e ingestão alimentar de indivíduos eutróficos normolipidêmicos. Revista da Nutrição. Campinas 2005; 18: 499- 511.
23. Lawton CL, Delargy HJ, Brockman J, Smith RC, Blundell JE. The degree of saturation of fatty acids influences post-ingestive satiety. British Journal of Nutrition 2000; 83: 473-482.
24. WHO, World Health Organization, Prevention of coronary heart disease. Geneva. 1982; p. 642.