IJCRR - 7(23), December, 2015
PREVALENCE AND PATTERN OF LOCOMOTOR DISABILITY IN RURAL PUDUCHERRY
Author: Suganthi S., Kandaswamy M.
Introduction: In India 18.5 million (1.8%) of the people are disabled. The main estimate for disabled persons in Puducherry has been by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO). This survey, though it gave the overall prevalence of disabilities and by type, did not capture the socio demographic profile of the people with disabilities. Further, a decade has passed since the survey. Have there been any changes in the prevalence of disabilities? Hence the present study was carried out to know the prevalence and pattern of locomotor disability and to bring more public health benefit to the disabled population. Aims and Objectives: 1. To study the prevalence of locomotor disability in rural Puducherry 2. To study the Pattern of locomotor disability. Subjects and Methods: The study was designed as a cross sectional survey of the selected population using a questionnaire developed for the purpose. The sampled population was enumerated by a house to house survey from March 2012 to February 2013. Disabilities were classified according to the WHO International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps (1980) and information regarding pattern and causes of locomotor disability were obtained. Results: Totally 70 were found to be disabled giving an overall prevalence rate of 17 per 1000 population. Locomotor disabilities were the most common with a prevalence of 9.1per 1000 followed by visual and hearing disabilities (2.9 per 1000). Locomotor disability was significantly more among males when compared to females (p value < 0.5). The prevalence of locomotor disability was higher among illiterates (15.9 per 1000) .The leading cause of locomotor disability was congenital (18.9%) and residual palsy (18.9%).
Conclusion: The rates found in this study were comparable to national figures. An important finding is the absence of disabilities in the younger age groups due to leprosy and polio reflecting on the impact of the respective programmes of elimination. However there is increase in the prevalence of stroke especially among the young, disabling arthritis, and road traffic accidents leading to disabilities.
Keywords: Disability, Locomotor, Prevalence
Suganthi S., Kandaswamy M.. PREVALENCE AND PATTERN OF LOCOMOTOR DISABILITY IN RURAL PUDUCHERRY International Journal of Current Research and Review. 7(23), December, 50-53
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