IJCRR - 7(24), December, 2015
THE STATUS OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS SEROPOSITIVITY IN CLINICALLY ASYMPTOMATIC BLOOD DONORS IN A BLOOD BANK OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Author: G.D. Katiyar, Anjana Arya
Introduction: Hepatitis means injury to the liver with inflammation of the liver cell. Most common cause of hepatitis in world is hepatitis viruses. Particular, types B and C virus lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people. Hepatitis C virus is mostly transmitted through infective blood and blood products.
Aim and Objective: This study done in order to known the status of Hepatitis C virus in clinically asymptomatic blood donors in blood bank of tertiary care hospital.
Result: A total of 11333 blood donors were screened in last three years. Out of which 3646 blood units were screened in year 2011, 7 blood units were HCV reactive. Whereas 4266 blood units were screened in 2012, 6 blood units were HCV seropositive and in year 2013 total 3421 blood units were screened, out which 16 blood units were HCV seropositive. The average prevalence of hepatitis C virus was 0.25%.
Conclusion: Blood transfusion is major route for transmission of HCV virus. This virus is greatest concern because of increasing burden of this disease and also life threatening for the recipients. This study is done to aware the public about status of HCV viral disease and prevents it mode of spread.
Keywords: Blood donor, Hepatitis C virus, Seropositive
G.D. Katiyar, Anjana Arya. THE STATUS OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS SEROPOSITIVITY IN CLINICALLY ASYMPTOMATIC BLOOD DONORS IN A BLOOD BANK OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL International Journal of Current Research and Review. 7(24), December, 48-50
1. Hepatitis C Articles. Global HCV. Available from: http://www. natap.org/2011/HCV/120111_01.htm. [Last accessed on 2011 -07-13].
2. Gowri V, Chandraleka C, Vanaja R. The Current Seroprevalence of Hepatitis C Virus in a Tertiary Care Centre in Vellore, Tamil Nadu. Indian J Community Med.2012; 37(2):137.
3. Deshpande Rangrao H, Waddi S.K. Seroprevalance of HCV in Blood Donors Status of blood donors seropositivity of HCV in marathwada, India.JPBMS.2012; 23(23).
4. Gupta N, Kumar V, Kaur A. Seroprevalence of HIV,HBV,HCV and Syphilis in voluntary blood donors. Indian J Med Sci 2004; 58(6):255-7.
5. Bagga P.K, Singh S.P. Seroprevalence of hepatitis C antibodies in healthy blood donors-a prospective study. Indian J Pathol Microbiol.2007; 50(2):429-32.
6. M Panda, K Kar. HIV, Hepatitis B and C infection status of the blood donors in a blood bank of a tertiary health care centre of Orissa .Indian J Public Health.2008; 52(1) : 43-44.
7. Arora D, Arora B, Khetarpal A. Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and Syphilis in Blood Donors in Southern Haryana. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2010; 53(2):308-9.
8. Meena M, Jindal T, Hazarika A. Prevalence of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus among blood donors at a tertiary care hospital in India. Tranfusion.2011; 51(1):198-202.
9. Kaur H, Manjari M, Thaman RG, Singh G. Prevalence of Markers of Hepatitis C virus among the Blood Donors. J Clin Diagnostic Res. 2012; 6(6): 959-962.
10. Makroo RN, Walia RS, Chowdhry M, Bhatia A, Hegde V, Rosamma NL. Seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibodies among blood donors of north India. Indian J Med Res 2013; 138(1): 125-8.
11. Shah SD, Gajjar MD, Bhatnagar NM. Increasing trend of HCV reactivity in healthy blood donors and multitransfused thalassemia patients of Gujarat State. GMJ 2013; 68(2):40-5.
12. Anuradha M, Dandekar RH. Seroprevalence of TransfusionTransmissible Infections HIV, HBV and HCV among Blood Donors in Perambalur, Tamilnadu. IJHSR 2014; 4(5):76-81.