IJCRR - 8(2), January, 2016
CLIMATE JUSTICE,CLEAN ENERGY AND CARBON MARKET IN INDIA: A SUB-NATIONAL ANALYSIS
Author: Ashok Kumar Singha
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the increasing attention of the public on issues relating to climate change and role of clean energy in containing the emission and ensuring equity and justice in the carbon market. Approach and Methodology: The key problem in analysing the issue of climate justice at the subnational level flows from the fact that, the inputs for generations in the state are given by nature be it hydro-power, wind or thermal. Even solar irradiation varies from state to state. Based on this factor endowment states convert this opportunity to have a certain kind of generation mix. Fewer still convert this clean energy generation to a carbon market opportunity. The paper analyses the generation mix of the states and their investment in converting them in to CDM opportunity in the interest of climate justice in moderating emission. Findings: It has been observed that the renewable energy generation is highly correlated with CDM project investment at the state level. Moreover states with higher thermal generation too do make effort to moderate emission by investing in CDM projects. Originality/Value: The paper hitherto ventures in to the uncharted area of the climate justice at the sub-national level within the boundary of a nation. So far the debates focussed on climate justice in the context of developing and developed nations. This paper tries to see what kind of incentive be there to develop a domestic carbon market in the interest of climate justice in the field of energy generation like it has been done in the context of energy efficiency.
Keywords: Emission, Carbon market, Climate justice
Ashok Kumar Singha. CLIMATE JUSTICE,CLEAN ENERGY AND CARBON MARKET IN INDIA: A SUB-NATIONAL ANALYSIS International Journal of Current Research and Review. 8(2), January, 14-18
1. Bond, P. Politics of climate justice. Paralysis above, movement below. University of Kwa Zulu Natal Press, Cape Town2012.
2. Chatterton, P., Featherstone, D., and Routledge, P. Articulating climate justice in Copenhagen: Antagonism, the commons, and solidarity. Antipode 2013;45(3), 602-620.
3. Mathur, V. N., Afionis, S., Paavola, J., Dougill, A. J., and Stringer, L. C. Experiences of host communities with carbon market projects: Towards multi-level climate justice. Climate Policy 2014;14(1), 42-62.
4. Oberthür, S., and Ott, H. E. The Kyoto Protocol: international climate policy for the 21st century. Springer 1999.
5. Pandey, A., Basu, S., and Sarkar, R. India Infrastructure Report 2010: Infrastructure Development in a Law Carbon Economy. Oxford 2015.
6. Prouty, A. E. Clean Development Mechanism and Its Implications for Climate Justice, The. Colum. J. Envtl. L.2009; 34, 513.
7. Purohit, P., Michaelowa, A. CDM potential of SPV lighting systems in India. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 2008;13(1), 23-46.
8. Rabe, B. G. Beyond Kyoto: Climate change policy in multilevel governance systems. Governance2007; 20(3), 423-444.
9. Rai, V., and Victor, D. G. Climate change and the energy challenge: a pragmatic approach for India. Economic and Political Weekly2009;44(31).
10. Singha, A. K., Nayak, S. K., Kar, N. C., Tripathy, S., Sahoo, B. K. Anticipating and Managing an Unwelcome Guest: Climate Smart Approach in Disaster Management. In Land and Disaster Management Strategies in Asia2015; Springer India. (pp. 155-168).
11. Singha, A. K., Majumdar, S., Saha, A., Hazra, S. Deconstructing Debate on the National Action Plan on Climate Change at the State Level: A Case Study of Meghalaya State, India. Governance Approaches to Mitigation of and Adaptation to Climate Change in Asia 2013;131.