IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 03, February, 2016
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CLONIDINE VERSUS TRAMADOL AS ADDITIVE TO BUPIVACAINE IN EPIDURAL ANAESTHESIA
Author: Mahesh Sutariya, Anand J. Amin, Miss Archana B. Behl
Pain is unpleasant sensory-emotional experience and one of the most feared symptoms experienced. Epidural anesthesia is safe, well practiced and inexpensive neuraxial block technique. Bupivacaine is commonly used for epidural anaesthesia. Researches have been conducted to identify different techniques and drugs that improve the quality of surgical anaesthesia, prolong the effect of bupivacaine and duration of postoperative analgesia. Objectives: To evaluate efficacy of epidural tramadol and clonidine used as adjuvant to bupivacaine. To compare onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade, quality of anaesthesia and duration of postoperative analgesia. Methods: A prospective, randomized placebo control study was undertaken, involving 90 patients from SMIMER hospital, Surat. Three groups were allotted 30 patients each and were given, bupivacaine+saline (Group A)/ Bupivacaine+tramadol (Group B)/ bupivacaine+clonidine (Group C). Results were recorded and analyzed. Results: The onset of sensory block was fastest in Group C. Total duration of sensory blockade was longest in Group B. Total duration of analgesia was longest in Group B, followed by Group C based upon Visual Analogue Scale. Both tramadol (Group B) and clonidine (Group C) prolong duration of analgesia and decrease requirement of post-operative analgesic doses and amongst them tramadol (Group B) is superior. Conclusion: Tramadol and clonidine both are used as adjuvant to bupivacaine for epidural anaesthesia and post-operative analgesia. Tramadol provides longer duration of post-operative analgesia without sedation and requirement of analgesic is less within 24 hours. Tramadol is useful because of its cost-effectiveness and easy availability.
Keywords: Pain, Pre-emptive anesthesia, Sensory blockade, Motor blockade
Mahesh Sutariya, Anand J. Amin, Miss Archana B. Behl. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CLONIDINE VERSUS TRAMADOL AS ADDITIVE TO BUPIVACAINE IN EPIDURAL ANAESTHESIA International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 08 Issue 03, February, 11-18
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