IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 14, July, 2016
HYDROBIOLOGY OF RIVER RAM GANGA
Author: Meena Raghib, Asheesh Gaur, Shalini Gupta
Fresh water is essential for healthy environment to support the life systems on this planet. In pre-monsoon period pH range increases which affects the other physico-chemical parameters like BOD, DO etc. and also the biomass. During monsoon, rain water again changes the water quality. In this review article the various physico-chemical parameters such as temperature, transparency, conductivity, TDS, pH, total alkalinity, calcium, nitrate, BOD, DO, turbidity etc. fluctuate on seasonal bases. The quality of river water is not good and it should not used for drinking purpose without treatment and at some places the quality of water is also not able to use for various domestic purposes without treatment.
Keywords: Biomass, BOD, DO, TDS, pH
Meena Raghib, Asheesh Gaur, Shalini Gupta. HYDROBIOLOGY OF RIVER RAM GANGA International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 08 Issue 14, July, 23-32
1. Abir, S., (2014) : Seasonal variations in physico-chemical characteristics of Rudrasagar wetland – A Ramsar site, Tripura, North East, India. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp.31-40.
2. Mohammad Alam and J.K Pathak.,(2010) : Rapid assessment of water quality index of Ramganga river, Western Uttar Pradesh (India) using a computer programme. Nature and Science 8(11):1-8. ISSN- 1545-0740.
3. Ahmad, A. B., (2014). Evaluation of ground water quality index for drinking purpose from some villages around Darbandikhan District, Kurdistan region- Iraq. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Vol.7, Issue 9, pp. 34-41.
4. Ahmad Ashfaq and Faizan Ahmed., (2014) : Drinking water quality assessment : a case of study. International journal of basic and applied chemical sciences, (ISSN: 2277-2073), vol. 4 (3), pp.1-4.
5. Ashok Kumar., (2015) : Studies on monthly and seasonal variations in primary productivity of glacial fed mountainous Goriganga rivers in Kumaun Himalaya, Uttarakhand India. International research journal of biological sciences, (ISSN: 2278-3202), vol.4(3), 1-. Anoop Chandra, P. N. Saxena, Saiyeda Gazala Imam and Geetesh Chandra.,(2011) : Physico-chemical studies on pollution potential of river Devaha at district pilibhit (U.P.). Oriental journal of chemistry, vol. 27, no. (3): pg. 1193-1198, ISSN: 0970-020X.
6. Agarwal, M and Agarwal, A., (2013) : Linear regression and correlation analysis of water quality parameters: A case study of river Kosi at district Rampur, India. International Journal of Innovative Research and Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol.2, Issue 12, pp.7273-7279.
7. Botkin, D and Keller, K., (1995) : In: environmental science ,earth as a living John villey and sons inc. U.S.A.
8. Bhawana Ayachit., (2014) :Iimpact of industrial effluents on water quality of Betwa, Mandedeep. Global journal for research analysis, (ISSN: 2277-8160) volume 3, issue-11.
9. Bhupander Kumar and Vikas Gupta., (2015) : Assessment of water quality of Ramganga river in Moradabad district, Uttar Pradesh, india. International conference of advance research and innovation. ISBN: 978-93-5156-328-0.
10. Babita Selakoti and S. N Rao., (2015) : A study on seasonal fluctuations in physico-chemical variables in spring fed Kosi river at Almora province from central Himalaya, India. International journal of current microbiology and applied sciences, (ISSN: 2319-7706), vol.4, no.4, pp. 418-425.
11. Bajpai, R., (2012) : Comparative analysis of physic-chemical parameters of Hasdeo river water samples of Bilaspur region. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, Vol.2, Issue 9.
12. Eknath, C.N., (2013). The seasonal fluctuations of physicchemical parameters of river Mula –Mutha at Pune,India and their impact on fish biodiversity. Research Journal of Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences, Vol.1, No. 1, pp.11-16.
13. Jaspal Singh, Ravi Kumar Gangwar, Puneet Khare, and A.P. Singh (2012) : Assessment of physico-chemical properties of water: river Ramganga at Bareilly, U.P. Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research, 2012, 4(9):4231-4234, ISSN : 0975-7384.
14. Matta, G., (2014) : A study on physico-chemical characteristics to assess the pollution status of river Ganga in Uttarakhand. Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical sciences, (ISSN: 0974-2115) vol.7, issue.3.
15. Gaikwad, S.S and Kamble, N.A .,(2014): Qualitative analysis of surface water of Panchganga river(MS),India. International Quarterly Journal of Biology and Life Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp.970-981.
16. Matta, G., (2015) : Evaluation and prediction of deviation in physico-chemical characteristics of river Ganga. International Journal of Advancements in Research Technology, Vol.4, Issue 6.
17. Imnatoshi and Sharif U. Ahmed.,(2012) : Geomorphology and seasonal variations of physic-chemical parameters of Doyang river, Nagaland. An international quarterly journal of environmental sciences, 6(1 and 2):05-09
18. Kushwaha and Agrahari., (2015) : Effect of domestic sewage on phyto-plankton co1mmunity in river Rapti at Gorakhpur. In-ternational Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. 3(2): 131-140 ISSN: 2320-7817| eISSN: 2320-964X .
19. Kaur, I and Verma, D.D., (2014): Physiochemical and microbiological study of river water of Ganga and Yamuna in Allahabad. Asian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol.5, Issue 11, pp.669-673.
20. Katakwar, M., (2014): Water quality and pollution status of Narmada river’s Anjan tributary in Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review, Vol.2, No.11, pp.93-98.
21. Kale, G.B., (2013): Zooplankton diversity Dnyanganga reservoir near Khamgaon, Maharashtra. Golden Research Thoughts,Vol.3, Issue-3.
22. Khan, A and Srivastava, P., (2012): Physico-chemical characteristics of groundwater in and around Allahabad city: A statistical approach. Bulletin of Environmental and Scientific Research, Vol.1, Issue 2, pp. 28-32.
23. Koliyar, J.G and Rokade, N. S., (2008): Water quality in Powai lake: Mumbai Maharashtra. Pp. 1655-1659.
24. Leena Singh and S.K Choudhary., (2013): Studied the physico-chemical characterstics of river water of Ganga in middle Ganga planes. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 2, Issue 9, September ISSN: 2319-8753.
25. Mohamad alam and J. K. Pathak., (2010) : Rapid assessment of water quality index of Ramganga river, western Uttar Pradesh (India) using a computer programme. Journal nature and science, 8(11).
26. Mohd Alam and J. K. Pathak., (2013) : Hydrochemical profile of wetland situated in Ramganga flood plains. World journal of applied sciences and research. (ISSN: 2249-4197), volume 3,issue 2, pages. 49-53.
27. Mishra, K and Nayak, R.L., (2014)., A study of water pollution in two major rivers in Odisha – Mahanadi and Brahmani. Middle – East Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.22, No. 12, pp. 1760-1770.
28. Neelesh Shrivastava, DD Mishra, P.K Mishra and Avinash Bajpai., (2013) : Water quality deterioration of Machna river due to sewage disposal, Betul, Madhya Pradesh ,India. Journal of environmental and earth science (ISSN: 2224-3216) (paper) (ISSN: 2225-0948) vol.3, no.6.
29. Navneet Kumar .,(2010) : An approach to river water quality management through correlation study among various water quality parameters. Report and opinion 2010;2(10):58-63, (ISSN: 1553-9873).
30. Priyanka Rajvanshi, Naveen Singhal N. Murugalatha Kannan and Amit Bhatt., (2015): seasonal studies of some physical parameters and heavy metals present in river Dhamola at Saharanpur District (U.P). Internatonal journal of advances in pharmacy, biology and chemistry, Vol. 4(2), ISSN: 2277 – 4688.
31. Pandey, R.R and Augur M.R .,(2014): Study of physico-chemical parameters of water of Ib river, Jashpur, Chattisgarh, India. International Journal of Development Research, Vol.4, Issue 11,pp. 2240-2242.
32. Prasad, N.R and Patil, J.M., (2008): A study of physic-chemical parameters of Krishna river water particularly in western Maharashtra. Rasayan Journal Chemistry, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 943- 953.
33. Parmar, K and Parmar, V., (2010) : Evaluation of water quality index for drinking purposes of river Subernarekha in Singhbum District. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol.1, No.1, pp.77-81.
34. Ravi Kumar Gangwar, puneet Khare, Jaspal Singh and A.P. Singh., (2012) : Assessment of physico-chemical properties of water: river Ramganga at Bareilly, U.P. Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research, 4(9):4231-4234, ISSN : 0975- 7384, CODEN(USA) : JCPRC5.
35. Ramesh Chandra, Kanchan Kashyap and Adarsh Pandey., (2010): Pollution status of river Ramganga: physico-chemical characterstics at Bareilly. Journal of experimental sciences vol.1, issue.5, pages.20-21.
36. R. Bhutiani, D.R. Khanna and Dipali Bhaskar kulkarni., (2014) : Assessment of Ganga river ecosystem at Haridwar Uttarakhand, India with reference to water quality indices. Applied water science, DOI 10.1007/s13201-014-0206-6.
37. Ramesh Chandra, Manoj Gupta and Adarsh Pandey., (2011) : Monitoring of river Ram Ganga: physico-chemical characterstic at Bareilly, journal, recent research in science and technology 3(6): 16-18, ISSN: 2076-5061.
38. Ramesh, N and Krishnaiah, S., (2014): Assessment of physico-chemical parameters of Bullandur lake, Banglore, India. International Journal of Innovative Research of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol.3, Issue 3, pp. 10402-10407.
39. Rai, B (2013): Pollution and conservation of Ganga river in modern India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Vol.3, Issue 4.
40. Sushil Bhudula and B.D Joshi., (2012) : An assessment of the impact of sewer drains on the main canal of river Ganga, within Haridwar city, Uttarakhand India. Sciencepub. net /researcher, (ISSN: 1553-9865) , 4(1): 7-14.
41. Shekhar and Shekhar., (2015): Study of water quality index of Hindon river of western U.P India. International Journal of Basic and Applied Chemical Sciences ISSN: 2277-2073 Vol. 5 (2) , pp.40-49.
42. Sonawane, G.H and Shrivastava, V.S (2010) Ground water quality assessment nearer to the dye user industry. Archives of Applied Science Research, Vol.2, No.6,pp. 126-130.
43. Santosh Vishwakarma, Alok Verma and Geeta Saxena., (2013) : Assessment of water quality of Betwa river , Madhya Pradesh, India. International journal of water resources and environmental engineering, (ISSN: 2141-6613, vol . 5(4), pp.217-222.
44. Singh, P., (2014). Studies on seasonal variations in physicochemical parameters of the river water Gomti (U.P.) India. International Journal of Advanced Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 82-86.
45. Salla, S and Ghosh, S., (2014) Assessment of water quality parameters of lower lake, Bhopal. Archieves of Applied Science Research, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 8-11.
46. Sinha, D.K and Kumar, N., (2006). Monitoring of trace metals in Gagan river water at Moradabad. IJEP, Vol.26, No.6, pp.516- 520.
47. Vinod Jena, Satish Dixit and Sapana Gupta., (2013) : Assessment of water quality index of industrial area surface water samples. International journal of chemtech research CODEN (USA): IJCRGG, (ISSN: 0974-4290 ), vol 5, no.1, pp. 278-283.
48. Verma, S (2009). Seasonal variation of water quality in Betwa river at Bundelkhand region, Indian Global Journal of Environmental Research,Vol.3, No.3, pp. 164-168.
49. Watkar, A.M and Barbate, M.P (2015). Seasonal variations in physico-chemical properties of Chandrabhaga river in Dhapewada, district Kamleshwar, Maharashtra, India. Research Journal of Recent Sciences, Vol.4, pp.1-4.
50. Yadav S.S and Kumar Rajesh.,(2011) : Monitoring water quality of Kosi river in Rampur District, Uttar Pradesh India. Advances in applied sciences and research (ISSN: 0976-8610), 2(2), pp.197-201.
51. Yogendra, K and Puttaiah, E.T (2008). Determination of water quality index and suitability of an urban water body in Shimoga town, Karnataka. pp.342-346.