IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 13, July, 2016
ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL IN FEMALE STUDENTS OF RESIDENTIAL COLLEGE USING GLOBAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE: A CROSS SECTIONAL ANALYSIS
Author: Hiral Shah, Hitarthi Dhami, Tarpan Shah
Background: We are facing a rising trend of NCDs (Non-communicable diseases) associated with sedentary lifestyle. Students who are obese or develop obesity during college years are at increased risk for continued obesity throughout adulthood. Present study was conducted with an objective to study prevalence of sedentary lifestyle among college students and its epidemiological correlates, in particular with the association with hostel residence.
Methodology: Cross-sectional analysis of 50 female residential students of age ranged from 19-22 years was conducted for assessment of BMI and Physical activity level by Global Physical Acivity Questinnaire (GPAQ). Informed consent was obtained prior. From GPAQ questionnaire Physical activity level and BMI data was collected and analysis was done.
Result: Out of 50 subjects 26% subjects were having vigorous PA. 62% subjects were having moderate PA. 12% subjects were having low PA. Out of 50 subjects 42% subjects were in normal categories. 10% subjects were Overweight. 48% subjects were Underweight.
Discussion: In present study, reason for poor physical activity level in 12% students may be physical inactivity during the daily routine and travel domain. They can be encouraged to improve their physical activity level on daily basis. College activities should include compulsory extra-curricular activities to be undertaken by the students such as including sports, athletics, aerobics or yoga.
Conclusion: 12% subjects were found to have low PA. 10% subjects were Overweight. 48% subjects were Underweight. There is still a need to encourage students in residential college to be active on routine basis to prevent shattering burden of non-communicable diseases in society.
Keywords: Physical inactivity, Hostellers, NCDs, BMI, Physical activity level assessment, Physical activity level questionnaire
Hiral Shah, Hitarthi Dhami, Tarpan Shah. ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL IN FEMALE STUDENTS OF RESIDENTIAL COLLEGE USING GLOBAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE: A CROSS SECTIONAL ANALYSIS International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 08 Issue 13, July, 24-27
1. Allison KR, Dwyer JJ, Makin S. Perceived barriers to physical activity among high school students. Prev Med 1999; 28: 608–615.
2. Anderssen N, Wold B. Parental and peer influences on leisuretime physical activity in young adolescents. Res Q Exerc Sport 1992; 63: 341–348.
3. Department of Health and Aging. Australia’s Physical Activity Recommendations for Children and Young People. On-line: Available: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateg-active-recommend.htm. (Retrieved: February 15, 2005).
4. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Physical Activity for Children: A Statement of Guidelines for Children 5 - 12, 2nd Edition. On-line. Available at: http://www.aahperd. org/naspe/template.cfm?template=ns_children.html (Retrieved: February 19, 2005).
5. Health Development Agency. Recommended Amounts and Types of Physical Activity. On-line. Available at: http://www. hda.nhs.uk/html/improving/physicalactivity.html. (Retrieved: February 19, 2005).
6. National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity and Health: A Report to the Surgeon General. Online. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/ sgr.htm. (Retrieved February 18, 2005).
7. Bar-Or O, Foreyt J, Bouchard C, Brownell KD, Dietz WH, Ravussin E, Salbe AD, Schwenger S, St. Jeor S, Torun B. Physical activity, genetic and nutritional considerations in childhood weight management. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30: 2–10, 1998.
8. Anthsel KM, Anderman EM. Social influences on sports participation during adolescence. J Res Dev Educ 2000; 33: 85–94.
9. American College Health Association. American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment: Reference Group Data Report Spring 2008. Baltimore, MD: American College Health Association; 2008
10. National Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical Activity and Health: A Report to the Surgeon General. Online. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/ sgr.htm. (Retrieved February 18, 2005).
11. Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (CAHPERD). Position Statement on Quality Daily Physical Education (QDPE). On-line. Available at: http:// www.cahperd.ca/eng/physicaleducation/about_qdpe.cfm. (Retrieved February 18, 2005)
12. United States Department of Health and Human Services/United States Department of Agriculture. Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2005). On-line. Available at: http://www.healthierus.gov/ dietaryguidelines/. (Retrieved: February 15, 2005).
13. World Health Organization (2006). Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Geneva: World Health Organization
14. Misra P, Upadhyay R, Krishnan A, Sharma N,Kapoor S. A Community Based Study to Test the Reliability and Validity of Physical Activity Measurement Techniques. Int J Prev Med. 2014 Aug; 5(8): 952–959.
15. Khera R, Sharma R. Physical inactivity among college students is associated with living in hostels: a study from Delhi, India. GJMEDPH, Vol 1(5) September- October 2012
16. World Health Organization. The global strategy on diet, physical activity, and health. World Health Organization; 2012 Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/goals/en/ Accessed March 10, 2012
17. Kelishadi R, Ghatrehsamani S, Hosseini M, Mirmoghtadaee P, Mansouri S, Poursafa P. (2010). Barriers to physical activity in a population-based sample of children and adolescents in Isfahan, Iran. Int. J. Prev. Med. 1(2): 131–7, 2010