IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 18, September, 2016
PREVALENCE OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG ADOLESCENTSIN INDIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Author: Nirpal Kaur Shukla, Mukesh Shukla, Dhruv Agarwal, Ram Shukla, Harinder Pal Kaur Sidhu
Background: Obesity among adolescent is emerging as a major global public health problems leading more preponderance towards associated morbidity and mortality in later stages of life. So, a systematic review of published studies was done to have an overview over prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in India.
Methods: A systematic review of literature of research papers on prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescent in India was done published from 2006 to 2016. Literature search was conducted using electronic databases. Data were extracted independently with respect to epidemiological estimates, study population characteristics, study design, and assessment methods and criteria. Out of 234 published articles screened, 12 studies were included in the review that met the inclusion criteria.
Results: Overweight and obesity in adolescent ranged from 2.2 to 25.8% and 0.73 to 14.6 % respectively. The prevalence was comparatively higher in urban areas than in rural areas and males were more preponderate to get overweight/ obese.
Conclusions: The study revealed towards rise in prevalence of overweight and obesity especially in male adolescents belonging to urban area thereby indicating the need to provide of immediate and comprehensive targeted intervention for adolescents.
Keywords: Adolescents, Obesity, Overweight
Nirpal Kaur Shukla, Mukesh Shukla, Dhruv Agarwal, Ram Shukla, Harinder Pal Kaur Sidhu. PREVALENCE OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG ADOLESCENTSIN INDIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 08 Issue 18, September, 21-25
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