IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 22, November, 2016
PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES IN THE SCHOOL-GOING CHILDREN IN RBI STAFF QUADRANT SCHOOL
Author: Nausheen Mobeen, Mahesh Ramakrishnan
Aim: The aim of the study is to measure the prevalence of dental caries in school going children.
Objective: This study is to measure the caries prevalence and treatment needs in school children of 5-10 years studying in different primary and high schools in Chennai, India.
Background: Dental caries is a multi-factorial, microbial, infectious, transmissible disease of hard tissues of teeth characterized by the demineralization of inorganic structures and subsequent breakdown of organic structure along with remineralization of the demineralized structures until there is cavitations. The most common influencing factors, such as sticky carbohydrate containing foods, dietary intake of fibrous foods, the presence of fluoride or other micronutrients in diet, sugar intake frequency and oral hygiene maintenance all have to some extent influence over the causation of dental caries. This Study is carried out in children falling under age group of 3-6 years using World health organization criteria (1997) to record prevalence of dental caries.
Results: A total of 200 children were examined, out of which 126 were female and 74 were male. The prevalence of dental caries was 63% among girls and 37% among boys. In all the primary teeth which were examined the highest incidence of dental caries is seen in maxillary left second molar with an average of 4.6 and highest incidence of filled tooth was also in maxillary left second molar with an average of 2.45.
In mandibular quadrant the highest incidence of dental caries was in right second molar with mean average of 4.6 and highest filled tooth was also seen in mandibular right second molar
With average of 2.3 while comparing both the quadrant the highest incidence of dental caries are seen in maxillary left second molar and mandibular right second molar with mean value of 4.6 but highest incidence of caries filled tooth is seen in maxillary left second molar with average of 2.45..
Keywords: Dental caries, Cavity, Filled tooth, Children
Nausheen Mobeen, Mahesh Ramakrishnan. PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES IN THE SCHOOL-GOING CHILDREN IN RBI STAFF QUADRANT SCHOOL International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 08 Issue 22, November, 10-12
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