IJCRR - Vol 05 Issue 02, January, 2013
FAMILY AND CHILD CORRELATES OF MOTOR DEVELOPMENT OF TODDLERS IN INDIA
Author: Balasubramanian Sundaram, Y. S. Siddegowda
Purpose: To analyze the family- related and child- related factors that are related to the motor development of toddlers and to determine the most significant factors among them.
Methods: Fifty urban and fifty rural families with children aged one to three years old were recruited through multi-stage cluster random sampling from Bangalore urban and Bangalore rural districts respectively. Suitable and valid measurement tools were used to assess the family-related and child- related factors. The gross motor and fine motor development of toddlers were measured by using Psychosocial Development Screening Test. A multiple logistic regression analysis was done to identify the factors influencing the motor development of toddlers.
Results and Interpretation: The toddlers brought up in a non – stimulating home environment had 4.25 times and 4.75 times delayed gross motor and fine motor development respectively, than those brought up in a stimulating home environment. The toddlers brought up by authoritative parents had 0.54 times normal gross motor development compared to those brought up by authoritarian and permissive parents.
Conclusion: A stimulating home environment and authoritative parenting style are significant correlates of gross motor development of toddlers, whereas only the stimulating home environment is significantly correlated with fine motor development of toddlers in India.
Keywords: Gross Motor Development, Fine Motor Development, Home Environment
Balasubramanian Sundaram, Y. S. Siddegowda. FAMILY AND CHILD CORRELATES OF MOTOR DEVELOPMENT OF TODDLERS IN INDIA International Journal of Current Research and Review. Vol 05 Issue 02, January, 45-57
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SD: Standard deviation; Min, Max: Minimum and Maximum. a p values were calculated using ANOVA; b p value was calculated using chi-square test