IJCRR - 5(8), April, 2013
PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF DISABILITIES IN RURAL ELDERLY IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH
Author: Swarnalatha N.
Similar to developed countries, aging was increased in India. Because of epidemiology and demographic transition phase, chronic diseases and disabilities were increasing. Socio-economic factors and chronic diseases were the major reasons for geriatric disability. There is a dearth of community based studies from India for geriatric disabilities and its associated risk factors; the present study was undertaken with the following objectives.
Study objectives: To determine the prevalence of disability and its association with the age, gender and other selected variables in a rural geriatric population.
Study design: cross-sectional, observational community based study. Study Period: April 2009 to September 2009.
Study Setting: Villages covered under Rural Health Centre, which is a rural field practice area, attached Community Medicine department, S.V. Medical College, Tirupati. Study Subjects: 400 individuals aged 60 years and above of both sexes equally were interviewed by house-to-house visits. Study Method: Study subjects were selected by random sampling technique. Study was conducted by house-to-house visits. Clinical examination, observation and interview were conducted with a pre-designed and pre-tested proforma. Sample Size: 400.
Study analysis: The data are analysed statistically using SPSS software 17 version. Results: The prevalence of disability was 70%. Most prevalent disability was vision (63.5%). The disability prevalence was high among 80 years and above elderly and it was increasing with age. The prevalence of disability was high among males (69.5%) than females (70.5%). In present study 46.5% elderly having one disability. Age, literacy, marital status and cognitive impairment were having statistical significant association with the disability.
Keywords: Geriatric population, disability, rural area.
Swarnalatha N.. PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF DISABILITIES IN RURAL ELDERLY IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH International Journal of Current Research and Review. 5(8), April, 79-83
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