IJCRR - 5(11), June, 2013
RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN NEWBORNS: A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL BASED STUDY
Author: Archana Paliwal, Veerbhan Singh, Indu Mohan, Ram Chandra Choudhary, Bhupendra Nath Sharma
Objective: To estimate the incidence of low birth weight in new born babies in a tertiary care hospital.To determine the maternal factors which could affect the weight of new born baby. Research Design and Methods: Cross sectional study includes all institutional deliveries comprising mothers and their new born babies. Information regarding mother was obtained by personal interview and ANC record data during six months. Results: 796 mothers were studied, a significant association was found between low birth weight and age of mother at the time of admission, parity, literacy level of mothers, birth spacing, ANC check-up, consumption of iron / folic acid, occupation and type of work of mothers, mother having any medical illness like anemia, pregnancy induced hypertension and any previous or present bad obstetric complications. Conclusions: The finding of the present study clearly reveals that low birth weight can be tackled by providing adequate antenatal care to pregnant women in time. To bring more and more women to hospital for deliveries and provide them adequate ANC, this will prove a long way to reduce birth of low birth weight babies.
Keywords: low birth weight, maternal risk factor, literacy, institutional delivery
Archana Paliwal, Veerbhan Singh, Indu Mohan, Ram Chandra Choudhary, Bhupendra Nath Sharma. RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN NEWBORNS: A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL BASED STUDY International Journal of Current Research and Review. 5(11), June, 49-55
1. V. Ramalingaswami; Meharban Singh, “The challenges of low birth weight babies” Care of the new born 6th edition, Sagar Publications, New Delhi 2004 P 219
2. Ramankutty P. Tikreeti RA, Rasaa study on birth weight of Iraqi (Paediatr 1983;29:5-10.
3. Guha’s Neonatology principles and practice IIIrd edition, Jaypee brothers medical publishers (P) Ltd. 2005, P-27
4. Park K’s text book of preventive and social medicine. 21st Edition, Banarasidas Bhanot publishers, Jabalpur 2011, P 494
5. WHO Bridging the gaps, The World Health Report, 1995, Report of the Director General.
6. Overpeck MD, Moss AJ, Hoffman HJ, Hendershot GE. A comparison of the childhood health status of normal birth weight and low birth weight infants. Pub] Hlth Rep 1989;104:58-70
7. H.S. Joshi, Sh Subba, SB Dabral, S Dwivedi, D. Kumar and S Singh ; Risk Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Newborns; Indian Journal of Community Medicine Vol. 30, No. 4, OctoberDecember, 2005; 142-143
8. Shiva Rafati MD Hajieh Borman MD Mohammad-Bagher Akhavirad MD, Nader Fallah MSc- 2005
9. Kumar M. Paul, V. K. Deorari A et al Neonatal outcomes at a sub-district hospital in North India. Journal of Tropical Pediatric 2002;48(1)43-6
10. World Health Statistics Quarterly 1984 and State of World Children UNICEF 2006
11. J.S. Deshmukh, D. D. Motghare, S. P. Zodpay and S. K. Wadhva Low Birth Weight and Associated Maternal Factors in urban area, Indian journal of Pediatrics Jan1998 vol-35; 33-35
12. Kaushik Sl, Parmar VR, Grover N et alNeonatal mortality rate; relationship to birth weight and gestational age. Ind J Ped. 1998; 65(3);429-33
13. Uttekar BP, Barge S, Khan W, Deshpande Y, Uttekar V, Sharma J et al. Assessment of ASHA and JSY in Rajasthan. 2007, Apr
14. Gogoi G, Ahmed FU. Effect of Maternal Nutritional Status on the Birth Weight Among Women of Tea Tribe in Dibrugarh District. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 2007 Apr;32(2):120-122.
15. Abner H, Levkeff, Milton Westphal M, Clinton Miller III Yvome Michal. Maternal risk factors in infants with very low birth weight. Obstet Gynecol 60:612, 91982)
16. Fernando Arias, Paul Tomich. Etiology and outcome of low birth weight and preterm infants. Obstet gynecol 60: 277, 1982
17. Kiran A, Garg B S. A study of factors affecting LBW. Indian Journal of community Medicine 2006
18. Barker DJP. Mothers, babies and health in later life. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1998.
19. Joshi SM and Pai NP. Effect of maternal bio-social determinants on the birth weight in a slum area in Mumbai. Ind J. of Com Med. 2000 Jul-Sep;25(3):121-124
20. Singh A, Arora AK. The Changing Profile of Pregnant Women and Quality of Antenatal Care in Rural North India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 2007 Apr;32(2):136.
21. NFHS-III (National Family Health SurveyIII), International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India, 2005-06, pg.191- 222.
22. Mavalankar DV, Gray RH, Trivedi CR. Risk Factors for Preterm and Term Low Birth Weight in Ahmadabad, India. International Journal of Epidemiology, Apr. 1992; 21:263-272
23. Launer LJ, Villar J, Kestler E, de O nis M. The effect of maternal work on fetal growth and duration of pregnancy: a prospective study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1990; 97 : 62-70.
24. Samanta, Kallol. Study of maternal and parinatal morbidity and mortality in hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2006 Sep. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences