IJCRR - 9(4), February, 2017
Effect of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Macrosomia Infants
Author: Mutangala Muloye Guy1, 2*, Isango Idi Yves2, Kaya Mulumbati Charles3, Munganga Ngoy Didier4, Yowa Muya Sandra5, Kasangye Ka NgoyAurelie3, 6, Mwembo Tambwe Albert2, 3, Wei Zeng Tao1
Aim: This study aims to explore fetal and maternal complications of macrosomia; and also to compare fetal characteristics of macrosomia infants of GDM and Non- GDM mothers.
Methodology: This is a retrospective study, on women who delivered macrosomia infants over a two-year period (2014-2015), at the University of Lubumbashi hospital and Don Bosco Clinic in Lubumbashi/ Democratic Republic of Congo. Obstetrical parameters were taken from the labor register and all data were analyzed using SPSS 17.00 statistical software; independent and paired sample t- test, Chi-square tests were performed (α=0.05 level, 95 % confidence interval).
Results: A total of 87 women, with a mean age of 32.73 51 (± 5.16) were enrolled into the study. From these women 54 % had Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM).Mean birth weight of babies from GDM mothers (4182.25 ± 177) was higher than those with Non-GDM mothers (4156±165.662) with a p value <0.05.This study revealed that GDM induce hypoglycemia in newborn(X2=4.252 and p=0.001) but other parameters such as Cephalohematoma and perineal mortality were not statistically associated with GDM.
Conclusion: Fetal characteristics of macrosomia can be different when it occurs in infants from GDM mothers or non-GDM mothers. Hypoglycemia in infants was found to have a strong association with GDM. The main recommendation is to increase Glucose control during pregnancy in order to minimize any risk in the infants.
Keywords: Macrosomia, Gestational Diabetes, Democratic Republic of Congo
Mutangala Muloye Guy1, 2*, Isango Idi Yves2, Kaya Mulumbati Charles3, Munganga Ngoy Didier4, Yowa Muya Sandra5, Kasangye Ka NgoyAurelie3, 6, Mwembo Tambwe Albert2, 3, Wei Zeng Tao1. Effect of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Macrosomia Infants International Journal of Current Research and Review. 9(4), February, 41-45
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