IJCRR - 5(16), August, 2013
VASCULAR VARIATIONS IN AXILLARY ARTERY - A CADAVERIC STUDY
Author: M. Gurushanthaiah, Satheesh Naik K, S. Lokanadham
An Unilateral variation in the branching pattern of third part of axillary artery was observed on the left upper extremity of a 52 years old embalmed cadaver, during routine dissection for medical undergraduate students. In the present study we observed high origin of brachial artery and a common arterial trunk from the third part of axillary artery. The common arterial trunk gave rise to subscapular, profunda brachii, and common circumflex humeral arteries. The subscapular artery divided into thoracodarsal and circumflex scapular arteries. The common circumflex humeral artery gave rise to anterior circumflex humeral and posterior circumflex humeral arteries. On the right upper extremity branching pattern of third part of axillary artery was normal. Arterial anomalies in upper limb are important for surgeons and anaesthesiologists for reparative surgery and angiography.
M. Gurushanthaiah, Satheesh Naik K, S. Lokanadham. VASCULAR VARIATIONS IN AXILLARY ARTERY - A CADAVERIC STUDY International Journal of Current Research and Review. 5(16), August, 31-34
1. Standring, S.; Johnson, D.; Ellis, H. and Collins, P. Gray's Anatomy. 39th Ed. Churchill Livingstone, London, 2005. p.856.
2. Saeed M, Rufai AA, Elsayed SE, Sadiq MS. Variations in subclavian-axillary arterial system. Saudi Med J. 2002; 23: 206–212.
3. Yang HJ, Gil YC, Jung WS, Lee HY. Variations of the superficial brachial artery in Korean cadavers. J Korean Med Sci. 2008; 23: 884–887.
4. Susan Standring ed. Gray’s Anatomy. 40th Ed., London, Churchill Livingstone. 2008; 815–817.
5. Patnaik VVG, Kalsey G, Singla RK. Branching pattern of axillary artery – a morphological study. J Anat Soc India. 2000; 49: 127–132.
6. Rodriguez-Baeza A, Nebot J, Ferreira B, Reina F, Perez J, Sanudo JR, Roig M. An anatomical study and ontogenetic explanation of 23 cases with variations in the main pattern of the human brachio-antebrachial arteries. J. Anat. 1995; 187: 473–479.
7. Patnaik VVG, Kalse G, Singla RK. Bifurcation of axillary artery in its 3rd part – a case report. J Anat Soc India. 2001; 50: 166– 169.
8. Bhat KM, Gowda S, Potu BK, Rao MS. A unique branching pattern of the axillary artery in a South Indian male cadaver. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2008; 109: 587–589.
9. Tan CB, Tan CK. An unusual course and relations of the human axillary artery. Singapore Med J. 1994; 35: 263–264.
10. Saralaya V, Joy T, Madhyastha S, Vadgaonkar R, Saralaya S. Abnormal branching of the axillary artery: subscapular common trunk. A case report. Int J Morphol. 2008; 26: 963–966.
11. Yucel A.H. Unilateral variation of the arterial pattern of human upper extremity with a muscle variation of the hand. Acta Med Okayama.1999;53(2): 61 – 65.
12. Icten N, Sullu Y. Tuncer I.. Variant high origin radial artery: a bilateral case. Surg Radiol Anat 1996;18:63 – 66.
13. Johnson, D. and Ellis, H. Pectoral girdle and upper limb. In: Standring, S. Ed. Gray's Anatomy. 39th ed. Edinburgh, Elsevier, 2005. p. 845.
14. Samuel, V. P.; Vollala, V. R.; Nayak, S.; Rao, M.; Bolla, S. R. and Pammidi, N. A rare variation in the branching pattern of the axillary artery. Indian J. Plast. Surg., 39:222- 3, 2006.
15. Venieratos, D. and Lolis, E. D. Abnormal ramification of the axillary artery: subscapular common trunk. Morphologie., 85(270):23-4, 2001.
16. Wollard, H. H. The development of the principal arterial stems in the forelimb of the pig. Contrib. Embryo.