International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 03 Issue 08, August, 2011

Pages: 71-78

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001

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Author: Shohreh Ghorbanshiroudi, Javad Khalatbari, Khadijeh Rahbar Taromsari, Khadijeh Shourmeij, Mohammad Mojtaba Keikhayfarzaneh

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:The aim of the present study has been already comparing the effect of social skills training (apologizing;
annoyance and oppression avoiding) on self-assertion and psycho health in retarded students. The method
of this experimental research is to design a pretest and posttest doing with an experimental group and a
control one. The statistical population consists of the students studying in atypical schools in east part of
GILAN province that they were 140 students studying in two different cities that of course just one of the
cities selected, then the students was given 70 questionnaires titling as SHRING self-assertion and
GOLDBERGE mental health. Then 60 students were screened who had got the lowest marks and finally
45 people were grouped in 3 classes each holding 15. Two of them received the trainings in apologizing
and annoyance and oppression avoiding in 6 sessions each lasted for 45 minutes in workshop procedures
then all the three groups were tested. The collected data were analyzed to test the research hypothesis
using covariance analysis- statistical test. The results showed that: some social training in apologizing
was effective on self-assertion and mental health and it was different from disliking annoyance and

Keywords: social skills training (apologizing; away from annoyance and oppression); selfassertion; mental health

Full Text:


Nutritional status is an important determinant of growth. School age is a period of rapid growth with a growth spurt in pubertal years. 80 percent of adolescent growth is completed in early adolescence (10-15 years).During the last decade there have been numerous reports on the emerging problem of over-nutrition among affluent urban children and adolescents. Poor dietary habits combined with decreased physical activity have led to an increase in overweight and obesity among adults and children. Because of these changes in dietary and lifestyle pattern, chronic non communicable diseases are becoming increasingly significant causes of disability and premature death in both developing and newly developed countries( NNMB, 2001). Obesity has been noticed to be a powerful correlate of cardiovascular risk in comparison to hyperinsulinemia. And insulin resistance was strongly associated with obesity (Misra, 2009).Previous studies from US have shown that subclinical inflammation, elevated fasting insulin concentration and high systolic blood pressure are more common in overweight children (Dietz, 2001 and Pradhan et al., 2001).Hence indicating that early identification of these risk factors in children and adolescents can prevent the increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes (type II) (Misra, 2009). Population based data on risk factors are still sparse in developing countries. In addition, the relationship of main modifiable cardiovascular risk factors with socioeconomic status (SES) is often unclear in these countries. Socioeconomic standard of people is conveniently expressed in terms of various social classes in which people are distributed which are referred to as social stratification. Social stratification is a horizontal division of society into several socio-economic layers: each layer or social class has a comparable standard of living, status and lifestyle .Several ways of measuring SES have been proposed, but most include quantification of family income, parental education and occupational status. Income determines the purchasing power of individuals and their socioeconomic status. Education determines the knowledge, attitude and value system of individuals and their socioeconomic growth potential. Occupation determines the income generating capacity of individuals and their status (Misra and Singh, 2003). In Kerala, the available data on the possible effect of socioeconomic status on the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors among children are limited. Cochin City has experienced rapid urbanization and industrialization in the past few decades. Therefore to address such an issue (effect of socioeconomic status on cardiovascular risk factors) in the forefront is important. Hence the purpose of the present study is to examine the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors namely anthropometric, biochemical and nutrient indices among school children (9-12 years) and its association with socioeconomic status based on Kuppuswamy scale (2008).


The study population comprised 63 children in the age group 9-12 years from two urban schools in Cochin City. The subjects were selected by convenience sampling. Information was collected regarding the socioeconomic background, anthropometric parameters, biochemical measurements and nutrient intake pattern. Socioeconomic details collected include parental occupation ,education of head of the family and family monthly income. Based on socioeconomic data collected, Kuppuswamy‘s socioeconomic status scale, urban (revised as on June 2008) was used to classify the study population to different social classes. A weightage is assigned to each variable according to a seven point predefined scale. The total score in Kuppuswamy‘s classification is calculated as he sum of the total of the three scores. Depending on the total score so computed, the five socioeconomic classes are formulated. Anthropometric measurements used were height, weight, Body Mass Index(BMI), Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC),waist and hip circumferences, Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) and Percent Body Fat(calculated using Deurenberg equation,1991). Biochemical measurements collected include Blood pressure, Insulin, Fasting blood sugar, Apolipoproteins A and B, Lipid profile and C-Reactive Protein. Blood pressure was measured using standardized sphygmomanometer and recorded by a trained nurse. Insulin assay was done by chemiluminescence method to reduce the chance of erroneous variables. Fasting blood sugar and lipid profile was measured using photometric method. The diagnostic procedure adopted to measure Apolipoproteins and CRP was immuno-turbidometric method as it is superior and more reliable. Biochemical measurements were done at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi. To assess the dietary intake and adequacy of the diet consumed, the 24-hour recall method of diet survey was adopted for three days including two working days and one holiday using the 24 hour recall questionnaire. In this method, the parents/caretakers reported the exact food intake of the subjects in precise quantities over the last 24 hours. Information was elicited regarding quantity, leftovers and method of preparation. Household cups and measures were used to define amounts in order to obtain accurate information as possible, regarding the type and amount of food and beverages consumed during the three days. These measures were later standardized in order to obtain precise nutrient intake among the subjects. Dietary data obtained from the three records were checked carefully and entered into the nutrition software system developed by Amritha Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Kochi. Nutrient intakes were lculated using the standard portion sizes and a composite food database available from National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. This database contains ICMR food composition tables for all foods. The fatty acid levels in foods were obtained from USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 (US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Institute Service, 2009) and Biochemical composition of Indian Fish (Central institute of Fisheries Technology, 1997). The same percentage of fats as recommended by USDA was applied to the ICMR fat reference values. Mean and standard deviation were used to describe continuous variables namely anthropometric, biochemical and nutrient intake parameters. Categorical variables are presented as frequency and percentage. Pearson‘s correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the association between two variables namely anthropometric and lipid parameters with 0.05 and 0.01 level of significance were considered. Statistical package SPSS version 11.0 for Windows was used for all statistical analysis.


On comparison with NCHS standards (2004), overall the subjects were at par with the standards. The highest deficits for height and weight were observed in eleven year old subjects and an overall increase was seen in twelve year old subjects. [Table 1] On assessing the weight status of subjects, a vast majority (72 percent) of the subjects were normal, 14 percent each were found to be overweight and underweight. Gender based segregation of subjects revealed a higher prevalence of overweight among girls at 21 percent compared to boys at 10.3 percent. [Table 2] All anthropometric parameters namely height, weight, MUAC, waist, hip, WHR, sum of skin folds and body fat percent were found to steadily increase with increase in BMI percentiles in the subjects. [Table 3] On analyzing the biochemical profile of the subjects by weight status, the systolic and diastolic blood pressure were seen to be gradually escalating from underweight to overweight subjects, the increase being more evident for systolic blood pressure( increase of 20 mm Hg). Serum insulin, triglyceride and CReactive Protein levels also increased progressively from underweight to normal and overweight subjects. The overweight subjects recorded a CRP level of 2.98 mg/L which is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. [Table 4] Pearson‘s correlation analysis between anthropometric parameters and lipid profile showed that MUAC had a significantly high correlation with VLDL and triglyceride in underweight subjects. Weight, BMI, waist and hip circumferences also showed positive significant correlation with VLDL and triglyceride (p<0.05). Among normal weight subjects, height, weight, waist and hip circumferences correlated significantly (p<0.05) with HDL cholesterol and sum of skin fold thickness (p<0.01). BMI also correlated with VLDL and triglyceride (p<0.05) and sum of skin fold thickness (p<0.01). In overweight subjects, height, weight and hip circumference were observed to be significantly correlating with VLDL and triglyceride. [Tables 5 and 6] On studying the nutrient intake pattern of the subjects by their weight status, energy intake was seen to be gradually increasing from underweight to overweight subjects. A higher intake of SFA and MUFA was observed in underweight subjects, although PUFA intake was observed to be higher in overweight subjects. [Table 7] On analyzing the nutrient adequacy of the subjects by comparing with WHO/FAO (2003) standards, it was evident that macronutrient composition of the diet was well within the recommendations proposed. Contribution of SFA intake to the total calories was found to be high and PUFA and MUFA intake was seen to be low from the recommended intake. [Table 8] Overweight subjects consumed a diet rich in energy giving foods such as cereals, pulses and roots and tubers. The milk and sugar consumption was found to be higher among underweight subjects. Consumption of protective foods such as green leafy vegetables, other vegetables and fruits were higher in normal weight subjects. [Table 9] On studying the anthropometric data of the subjects by their socioeconomic status, height, weight MUAC, waist and hip circumference and sum of skin folds increased progressively with improvement in socioeconomic status, although body fat percent and waist hip ratio were found to be similar in all the three groups. [Table 10] On analyzing biochemical profile of subjects by socioeconomic status, the blood pressure escalated from lower middle class to upper class subjects but C-Reactive Protein showed a decreasing trend. HDL levels were found to be highest in lower middle class category while Cholesterol, LDL, VLDL and triglyceride levels were found to be higher in upper class category. [Table 11] Subjects belonging to upper socioeconomic class reported higher nutrient intake than their lower socioeconomic status counterparts. The lower middle class and upper class subjects did not show a significant difference in their SFA and fiber intake. [Table 12] From the table it is evident that upper class subjects shows higher cereal, roots and tuber, other vegetables and milk intake compared to lower middle class and upper class subjects. Pulses and sugar intake is found to be high in lower middle class subjects. The rest of the food groups namely green leafy vegetables, fruits and fat intake are high in upper middle class subjects. [Table 13]


In the present study, the prevalence rate of underweight and overweight was observed to be 14 percent. It has been reported in previous studies conducted in Ernakulam district that there are noticeable weight transitions in the pediatric cohort with a significant decline (eight percent) in underweight children and an escalation (one percent) of overweight children between 2003 and 2006 (Raj M et al., 2009). All the anthropometric parameters were seen to be increasing with increasing BMI percentiles in the subjects. A study conducted on the prevalence of obesity among affluent school children in Delhi reported that maximum prevalence of obesity was found during the pubertal period, between 10-12 years. This might be associated with the increase in adipose tissue and overall weight gain during pubertal growth spurt. (Kapil et al., 2002). Interestingly, blood pressure, serum insulin, triglyceride and C-Reactive Protein were observed to increase with increase in weight. Specifically, the C-Reactive Protein level (inflammatory marker) was observed to be 3mg/L in overweight subjects, which is largely proven to be a micro inflammatory state associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In a study conducted to examine relationships between multiple markers of inflammation and children's weight status, Skinner et al., (2010) hypothesized that the prevalence of inflammatory markers would increase as weight status increased. Caloric intake was observed to be highest in the overweight subjects with a difference of 163 kcal from underweight subjects. The fiber intake pattern of the subjects by their weight status revealed a trend with the normal weight subjects consuming higher fibre and underweight subjects the least, explaining increased green leafy vegetable and fruit intake in this category. On classifying the subjects by their socioeconomic status based on Kuppuswamy scale, upper class subjects showed higher anthropometric measures than lower middle class subjects in the present study. The present results are in agreement with those reported earlier in a study conducted in Delhi on the growth parameters and prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children where it was found that children from upper SES were significantly taller and heavier and consequently, had a significantly higher BMI as compared to their age matched counterparts from lower SES (Gupta et al., 2007). While blood pressure was observed to have direct positive relationship with socioeconomic status, C-Reactive Protein showed a decreasing trend. In a study conducted in Bolivia among 2- 15 year olds, low household economic resources were associated with greater CRP levels (Mc Dade et al., 2005). The serum lipid profile of subjects by socioeconomic status showed increased HDL levels in lower middle class category while the rest of the parameters were observed to be highest in upper class subjects.The energy, carbohydrate and fat intake increased progressively from low to high socioeconomic status. In a study conducted in turkey among school going children, higher SES subjects reported higher energy, carbohydrate and fat intake than their lower SES peers (Manios et al., 2004).


In conclusion, in the present study, the magnitude of underweight and overweight was observed to be high among children and the cardiovascular risk factor profile are higher among overweight subjects compared to their normal weight counterparts. The upper socioeconomic subjects are at an increased cardiovascular risk than lower socioeconomic peers revealing that socioeconomic status also plays a significant role in the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors among children. High standard of living, changing lifestyles and poor dietary habits combined with decreased physical activity among school going children have resulted in overnutrition to emerge as a modern day epidemic and subsequently increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases later in their life. This calls for an immediate action in reducing the prevalence of overnutrition among school going children through appropriate nutrition intervention programs. More indepth study on the factors associated with cardiovascular risk in children need to be also undertaken. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences for their complete support and guidance throughout the study. We also thank heads of the institutions, parents and students for their support in conducting the study.




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3. Gupta AK., Rastogi S., Panwa R., (2007), ?Growth parameters and prevalence of overweight and obesity in school going children‘, Pediatrics, Vol 97, Pp 257-261

4. Kapil U., Singh P., Pathak P., Dwivedi SN., Bhasin S.,(2002),?Prevalence of obesity amongst affluent adolescent school children in Delhi‘, Indian Pediatr, Vol 39, Pp 449- 452

5. Kuppuswamy B(2008), ?Manual of Socioeconomic Status (urban)‘, Manasayan, Delhi

6. Manios Y., Dimitriou M.I., Moschonis G., Kocaoglu B., Sur H., Keskin Y. and Hayran O. (2004), ?Cardiovascular disease risk factors among children of different socioeconomic status in Istanbul, Turkey: Directions for Public health and Nutrition policy‘, Lipids in Health and Disease, Vol 3, Pp 11-17

7. McDade TW., Leonard WR., Burhop J., Reyes-Garcia C., Vadez V., Huanca T., Godoy RA., (2009), ?Predictors of CReactive Protein in Tsimane‘ 2 to 15 YearOlds in Lowland Bolivia‘, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol 128, Pp 906- 913

8. Misra A (2009), ?Nutrition and Physical Performance in School Age Children‘, Nutrition Foundation of India

9. Misra A and Singh HP (2003), ?Kuppuswamy‘s socioeconomic status scale – A Revision‘, Indian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol 70(3), Pp 273-274

10. NNMB (2001), `Early School Years and Adolescence‘, Pp 228-240

11. Raj M., Sundaram KR., Paul M., Deepa AS., Kumar RK., (2007), ?Obesity in Indian Children: Time trends and relationships with hypertension‘ , Natl Med journal of India, Vol 20, Pp 288-293

12. Skinner CA., Steiner JM., Henderson WF., Perrin ME., (2010), ?Multiple markers of inflammation and weight status: Cross sectional Analyses throughout childhood‘,Pediatrics


Dr. Pramod Kumar Manjhi joined Editor-in-Chief since July 2021 onwards

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SCOPUS indexing: 2014, 2019 to June 2021

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to for more details.

Best Article Award

A Study by Amr Y. Zakaria et al. entitled "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of ATP-Binding Cassette Gene(ABCC3 rs4793665) affect High Dose Methotrexate-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Children with Osteosarcoma" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 19
A Study by Kholis Ernawati et al. entitled "The Utilization of Mobile-Based Information Technology in the Management of Dengue Fever in the Community Year 2019-2020: Systematic Review" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 18
A Study by Bhat Asifa et al. entitled "Efficacy of Modified Carbapenem Inactivation Method for Carbapenemase Detection and Comparative Evaluation with Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Identification of Carbapenemase Producing Klebsiella pneumonia Isolates" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 17
A Study by Gupta R. et al. entitled "A Clinical Study of Paediatric Tracheostomy: Our Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 16
A Study by Chandran Anand et al. entitled "A Prospective Study on Assessment of Quality of Life of Patients Receiving Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 15
A Study by Rosa PS et al. entitled "Emotional State Due to the Covid – 19 Pandemic in People Residing in a Vulnerable Area in North Lima" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 14
A Study by Suvarna Sunder J et al. entitled "Endodontic Revascularization of Necrotic Permanent Anterior Tooth with Platelet Rich Fibrin, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Blood Clot - A Comparative Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 13
A Study by Mona Isam Eldin Osman et al. entitled "Psychological Impact and Risk Factors of Sexual Abuse on Sudanese Children in Khartoum State" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 12
A Study by Khaw Ming Sheng & Sathiapriya Ramiah entitled "Web Based Suicide Prevention Application for Patients Suffering from Depression" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 11
A Study by Purushottam S. G. et al. entitled "Development of Fenofibrate Solid Dispersions for the Plausible Aqueous Solubility Augmentation of this BCS Class-II Drug" is awarded Best article for Vol 13 issue 10
A Study by Kumar S. et al. entitled "A Study on Clinical Spectrum, Laboratory Profile, Complications and Outcome of Pediatric Scrub Typhus Patients Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit from a Tertiary Care Hospital from Eastern India" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 09
A Study by Mardhiah Kamaruddin et al. entitled "The Pattern of Creatinine Clearance in Gestational and Chronic Hypertension Women from the Third Trimester to 12 Weeks Postpartum" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 08
A Study by Sarmila G. B. et al. entitled "Study to Compare the Efficacy of Orally Administered Melatonin and Clonidine for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response During Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation in Gastrointestinal Surgeries" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 07
A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Leow Jun Xian and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. entitled "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease
88 Percent Of Delhi Population Has Vitamin D Deficiency: ASSOCHAM Report

List of Awardees

A Study by Ese Anibor et al. entitled "Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Among Delta State University Students in Abraka, Nigeria" from Vol 13 issue 16 received Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award

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