International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR)

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IJCRR - Vol 4 Issue 12, June

Pages: 224-232

Date of Publication: 22-Jun-2012


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STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF INDIAN NUTRACEUTICAL REGULATORY SCENARIO THROUGH MARKET RESEARCH

Author: Ajay Pise, Shilpa Pise, D. Sreedhar, Manthan Janodia, Virendra Ligade, Udupa N.

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Objective of study: To analyse Indian Nutraceutical regulatory scenario. Research Methodology: A questionnaire was designed including open and closed ended questions. Data was collected through primary data collection method by visiting retail stores to know about the Nutraceutical product in selected area. Convenient, non-probability sampling process was adopted for the study. Sampling Unit: retail shops, medical shops, malls from selected localities of southern Karnataka. Sampling size of 70 was calculated by standard formula to achieve desired confidence level of 97% . Percentage analysis method was adopted for Data Analysis, Statistic calculator (version 3.0) by StatPac Company was used for data processing. This study has revealed that, child Nutraceutical Products are in high demand followed by Nutraceuticals for Pregnant / Lactating Mothers and Weight Gain Products therefore, it is very important to regulate the manufacturing, labeling, and advertisement of the Nutraceutical products targeted to Children, Pregnant and lactating mothers. Increasing trends in preventive therapy is a major driving force for nutraceutical market followed by increase in self medication. It is also important to regulate the advertisement of Nutraceuticals to restrict misleading claims in advertisements. In order to increase the sale of Nutraceutical product, it is advised that, manufacturers should reduce the price of product and make more efforts to spread awareness about the benefits of nutraceutical product. This study reveals that, Nutraceutical manufacturer have tremendous opportunities to explore Nutraceutical market.

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION
We understand that global Nutraceutical market is growing very rapidly. In the context of Indian scenario, Nutraceutical market is growing fast with the 20% CAGR5. Increasing awareness about the health, disease prevention, high cost of the medication, and handy disposable income are the factors which contributed in increasing demand of the Nutraceuticals. To explore this market, many Nutraceutical and Pharmaceutical companies have launched nutraceutical products in the healthcare market. Today, healthcare market in India is flooded with Nutraceutical products. Absence of proper regulatory framework and dilemma over the understanding and adopting the term ?Nutraceuticals? has became undue advantage for Nutraceutical manufacturers. Manufacturing, Labeling, Sale and Advertisement of such products needs proper regulatory framework to safeguard the interest of customers and control the Nutraceutical market. It has been observed that there is no universally acceptable definition for Nutraceuticals. Several scholars have proposed different definitions. Also, there is a dilemma on classification of nutraceuticals and understanding the difference between Functional Food, Dietary Supplement, and Medicated Food. To avoid this dilemma, we have attempted to propose definition and classification of Nutraceuticals. This study focuses on understanding and analysis of regulatory issues related to nutraceuticals in Indian Nutraceutical market.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Data was collected through primary data collection method by visiting retail stores to know about the Nutraceutical product in selected area. Convenient, non-probability sampling process was adopted for the study. Sampling Unit: retail shops, medical shops, malls from selected localities of southern Karnataka. Sampling size of 70 was calculated by standard formula to achieve desired confidence level of 97% .

Sampling Size calculation:
Best estimate of the population size = 1500 Best estimate of the rate in the population (%) = 6% Maximum acceptable difference (%) = 6% Desired Confidence level of result (%) = 97% Required Sample size for desired confidence level=70 Data Analysis and Statistical Tool: Percentage analysis method was adopted for Data Analysis, Statistic calculator (version 3.0) by StatPac Company was used for data processing.

Data presented in above table suggests that Child Nutraceutical Products are in high demand followed by Nutraceuticals for Pregnant / Lactating Mothers and Weight Gain Products. Children and Pregnant mothers are considered as vulnerable group of population. Therefore it is very important to regulate the manufacturing, labeling, and advertisement of the Nutraceutical products targeted to Children, Pregnant and lactating mothers.

Above information suggests that increasing trends in preventive therapy is a major driving force for nutraceutical market followed by increase in self medication. It is observed that people are becoming more cautious about their health and tends to use nutraceutical products to prevent disease. Nutraceutical products are also popular among ?Baby Boomers‘. Increase in the disposal income is also one of the major driving forces for Nutraceutical market.

Data presented in above graph reflects that advertisement plays important role in consumer education about the product. Therefore, we can interpret that advertisement is an effective tool for product promotion. It is important to regulate the advertisement of Nutraceuticals to restrict misleading claims in advertisements

From the above data we can interpret that majority of consumers prefer to buy Nutraceutical products in traditional dosage form. Traditional dosage form includes capsule, tablet, solution, etc. Whereas nontraditional dosage form include mixture (liquid and solid), gels, etc.

From the above graphical presentation of collected data we can conclude that High Price of the nutraceutical products is major challenge for its sale. Some group of respondents is of the opinion that lack of awareness about the benefits of nutraceutical products is also major challenge in selling Nutraceutical product. In order to increase the sale of Nutraceutical product, manufacturers should reduce the price of product and make more efforts to spread awareness about the benefits of nutraceutical product.

This question is posed to analyse frequency of demand for nutraceutical products. Above data suggests that nutraceutical products are always in demand. This shows market growth for nutraceutical products. Nutraceutical manufacturer have tremendous opportunities to explore Nutraceutical market.

This question is posed to know about the factors influencing decision of customers. Data presented in above graph reveals that advertisement of the product is major factor to influence the decision of consumer. Advertisement includes product promotion through print, oral, electronic media. Word of mouth publicity through friends, colleagues is another influencing factor. Therefore, it is important for the Nutraceuticals manufacturer to give more emphasis on advertisement while promoting the product. It is also important to regulate advertisement of Nutraceutical products.

CONCLUSION
After analyzing information and data from the above study, we can derive following conclusionGlobal Nutraceutical market is growing very rapidly. In context of Indian scenario, Nutraceutical market is growing fast with the 20% CAGR. Increasing awareness about the health, disease prevention, high cost of the medication, and handy disposable income are the factors which contributed in increasing demand of the Nutraceuticals. Nutraceutical market is considered as one of the fastest growing market. Therefore it is important to regulate this market to safeguard the interest of consumers.

Nutraceuticals, around the world, falls under a grey area. Most of the food and Pharmaceutical companies are using term ?Nutraceuticals‘ as marketing gimmick. Though the Nutraceutical market is growing with fast rate and demand is increasing rapidly, no specific regulations are framed for Nutraceuticals in India. Absence of proper regulatory framework for manufacturing, labeling, advertising and sales of the nutraceuticals has became undue advantage for Food and Pharmaceutical companies to launch Nutraceutical products in healthcare market. It has been observed that there is no universally acceptable definition for Nutraceuticals. Several scholars have proposed different definitions, but essence of all definition remains same ?Food as Medicine‘. There is a dilemma on classification of nutraceuticals and understanding the difference between Functional Food, Dietary Supplement, and Medicated Food. To avoid this dilemma, we have proposed a definition of Nutraceuticals which can be adopted widely. In order to regulate the manufacturing of Nutraceutical products, Nutraceuticals can be classified in two broad categories i.e. Regular Nutraceuticals and Novel Nutraceuticals. Regulatory requirements for manufacturing of Regular Nutraceuticals and Novel Nutraceuticals should be different. It should not be compulsory to get manufacturing approval from FDA for regular nutraceutical product. But the product should be registered with FDA (at regional / district level) before launching it in the nutraceutical market. Child Nutraceutical Products are in high demand followed by Nutraceuticals for Pregnant / Lactating Mothers and Weight Gain Products therefore, it is very important to regulate the manufacturing, labeling, and advertisement of the Nutraceutical products targeted to Children, Pregnant and lactating mothers. I#ncreasing trends in preventive therapy is a major driving force for nutraceutical market followed by increase in self medication. It is also important to regulate the advertisement of Nutraceuticals to restrict misleading claims in advertisements. In order to increase the sale of Nutraceutical product, it is advised that, manufacturers should reduce the price of product and make more efforts to spread awareness about the benefits of nutraceutical product. This study reveals that, Nutraceutical manufacturer have tremendous opportunities to explore Nutraceutical market.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors / editors / publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

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