International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
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IJCRR - Vol 04 ISSUE 16, August, 2012

Pages: 131-133

Date of Publication: 28-Aug-2012

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Author: Vivek Sahu, Pooja Tiwari, Abhishek Tiwari

Category: General Sciences

Abstract:This review article presents the experimental and theoretical analysis of domestic refrigeration system by using wire-on-tube condenser with different spacing of wire, operating parameters like heat transfer rate , condenser pressure and condenser temperature , refrigerating effect is increased by using wire-on-tube condenser comparatively power consumption remain same as with air cooled condenser in a domestic refrigeration system. Therefore wire-on-tube condenser can replace the ordinary air cooled condenser in a domestic refrigeration system.

Keywords: Household refrigerator, wire-on-tube condenser, heat transfer.

Full Text:

Condensers and evaporators are basically heat exchangers in which the refrigerant undergoes a phase change. Next to compressors, proper design and selection of condensers and evaporators is very important for satisfactory performance of any refrigeration system. Since both condensers and evaporators are essentially heat exchangers, they have many things in common as far as the design of these components is concerned. However, differences exist as far as the heat transfer phenomena are concerned. In condensers the refrigerant vapour condenses by rejecting heat to an external fluid, which acts as a heat sink. Normally, the external fluid does not undergo any phase change, except in some special cases such as in cascade condensers, where the external fluid (another refrigerant) evaporates. In evaporators, the liquid refrigerant evaporates by extracting heat from an external fluid (low temperature heat source). The external fluid may not undergo phase change, for example if the system is used for sensibly cooling water, air or some other fluid. Earlier different types of condenser slides air cooled condenser, water cooled condenser is been used in a domestic refrigeration system. Air cooled condenser is most popular condenser for a refrigerator. Many researches done in a past ion the condenser, one of them wire-on-tube condenser where main tube is used in a spiral form with vertical wire (fines) with different spacing. Heat transfer rate increased by using this condenser.

Literature Review
1.Bansal et al-
experimental analysis is done by using wire-on-tube condenser in a refrigerator with different operating parameters and compare these results with a simulation modeling finally they optimized the condenser performance.

2.Looza et al-
evaluated the performance of wireon-tube condenser with the help of basic operating parameters and compare with different fin design of condenser.

3.Hoke et al-
they have performed with seven different spacing with wire-on-tube condenser for increasing the air heat transfer rate during operating this experiment new type of coil and heat exchanger is usded.

4.Tanda et al-
they investigated a Nusselt number and operating parameters for predicting the free convections heat transfer from a wire-on-tube condenser.

5.Reeves et al-
the demonstrated the domestic refrigerator performance under of conditions , by using different instrumentations with different range of room temperature.

6.Lee et al-
he developed heat transfer coefficient for wire-on-tube condenser using single layers.

Optimization of condenser
In the past single coil air cooled condenser was used by the refrigerator companies, as the time progressed many changes is done by the researchers to enhance the performance of the condenser, different types of fines and coils with different shapes is now been used to increased the heat transfer rate by the air cooled condenser. Coils having different diameter also been used to increased then over all COP of the vapour compression refrigeration system.

Since many experimental and analytical study is done in recent passed on air cooled condenser, earlier R-12 refrigerant used in a refrigeration but because of its harmful effects in a Ozone Depleation Potentioal(ODP) has been replaced by R-134a using this refrigerant in a refrigerator performance is investigated with wire-on tubecondenser and found that heat transfer rate, maintenance cost increased and decreased respectively therefore wire-on-tube condenser can be replaced by the ordinary air cooled condenser used in a domestic refrigerator with out any change in a design of the component of the refrigerator.



1. Numerical analysis and experimental investigation into the performance of a wireon-tube condenser Ahmadul Ameen et al International Journal of Refrigeration 29 (2006) 495–504.

2. B. Khastoo, Design and optimization of Iranian refrigerators, Research report in Amirkabir University, vol II, 2001.

3. S. Porkhial, Experimental and mathematical modeling of transient behavior of a domestic refrigerators (improving in refrigerator performance), Ph.D. Thesis, Amirkabir University, Mechanical Engineering Department, 2003.

4. B. Palm, Refrigeration systems with minimum charge of refrigerant, App.Therm. Eng. 27 (2007) 1693–1701.

5. T. Dutto, J.C. Blaise, T. Benedic, Performances of brazed plate heat exchanger set in heat pump, in: Proceedings of the 18th Int. Congr. Refrig., Montreal, Canada, 1991, pp. 1284–1288.

6. M.A. Kedzierski, Effect of the inclination on the performance of a compact brazed plate heat exchanger, Heat Transfer Eng. 18 (1997) 25– 38.

7. Lesson 22 Condenser & Evaporator Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur 1.

8. A text book of refrigeration and air conditioning by R.S. KHURMI et al with a revised edition 2008.

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Best Article Award

A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
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A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
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List of Awardees

Awardees of COVID-19 Research

Woman Researcher Award

A Study by Neha Garg et al. entitled "Optimization of the Response to nCOVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnant Women – An Urgent Appeal in Indian Scenario" published in Vol 12 issue 09

A Study by Sana Parveen and Shraddha Jain entitled "Pathophysiologic Enigma of COVID-19 Pandemic with Clinical Correlates" published in Vol 12 issue 13

A Study by Rashmi Jain et al. entitled "Current Consensus Review Article on Drugs and Biologics against nCOVID-19 – A Systematic Review" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Madhan Jeyaraman et al. entitled "Vitamin-D: An Immune Shield Against nCOVID-19" published in Vol 12 issue 09

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